Dog Breed Info Center(R) DBIC

Grand Bleu de Gascogne

Information and Pictures

Side view drawing of a tall white, black and brown hound dog with long ears that hang past the dogs head, a long tail, dark eyes and a black nose standing up.
Other Names
  • Bleu de Gascogne
Description

The Grand Bleu de Gascogne has a longer snout and a large head with a couple wrinkles on the dogs cheeks. They have a slight slope on their forehead area that is barely pronounced. Their long lips go well past their muzzle and their ears hang low, past their long lips. They tend to have a scissor bite which is great for their hunting quality. The fur on their chest often creates a dewlap because of the looseness of their skin. They have muscular legs that are also long, creating an elegant look. Their coats are short, dense, and easy to manage and have black and white patterns but are never fully white. They often have a dappled coat which gives off a blue appearance.

Temperament

The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is a friendly dog that does well in packs and tends to get along with most other dogs. They are very affectionate toward people and enjoy playing with children. Since they are hunting dogs, beware around small animals like cats or rodents.

Height, Weight

Height: 23-28 inches (58-71 cm)

Weight: 80-110 pounds (36-50 kg)

Health Problems

Since this dog is a larger breed, be aware of possible hip or elbow dysplasia. Prone to common ear infections.

Living Conditions

The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is a large dog with a high energy level. They should have space to run and play and have somewhere to be walked regularly. For these reasons, the Grand Bleu de Gascogne would do well in a house with a backyard rather than a small apartment.

Exercise

These dogs are high energy dogs and must be walked daily along with having space to run and play. They need both mental and physical stimulation in order to become balanced calm and happy.

Life Expectancy

About 10-12 years

Litter Size

About 4-7 puppies

Grooming

Since these dogs have short and smooth coats, they only need to be groomed or bathed when necessary. Be sure to keep their ears clean to prevent infections.

Origin

The Grand Bleu de Gascogne descended from France and are an older breed that developed from the Gaul hounds and the Phoenician hounds. They were first recorded in 14th century France and have their genes spread throughout many breeds across the world. The Grand Bleu de Gascogne was used by nobles and royalty in order to hunt boar, deer, wolves and other large animals. They are pack dogs which means they hunt in groups rather than alone. When hunting, they were known to use their barking and howling to communicate to their other pack members in order to take down the large prey.

In the 18th century, the Grand Bleu de Gascogne made its way to America when a French noble, General Lafayette, gave a few of these dogs to Washington. This event happened in 1785 when the United States was fighting for their independence. Now, they are said to be more popular in the United States than they were when they originated in France.

In France, the decline of the Grand Bleu de Gascogne was due to keeping up with the cost of the breed. These dogs were known to be expensive to keep compared to other breeds and they were needed less and less as the population of wolves declined as well. The Grand Bleu de Gascogne was used to hunt wolves in order to keep the large population to a minimum but as the wolves were becoming less of a problem for farmers, the breed was no longer needed. Today, the Grand Bleu de Gascogne is considered a rare breed in France.

Although they are no longer used in France, the Grand Bleu de Gascogne was still bred with other hunting and scenthound dogs in order to keep their genes alive.

Group

Scenthound

Recognition
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • UKC = United Kennel Club

Understanding Dog Behavior