The words Dog Breed Info with the letter D inside of a black paw print

The Purebred Dachshund

Information and Pictures

A brown and tan spotted Dachshund is standing in dirt around a chain link fence

Photo courtesy of R and R Kennels

Other Names
  • Standard Dachshund
  • Miniature Dachshund
  • Toy Dachshund
  • Kaninchen
  • Doxie
  • Wiener Dog
  • Little Hot Dog
  • Hotdog Dog
  • Sausage Dog
  • Long Dog
  • Little Burrow Dog
  • Earth Dog
  • Badger Dog
  • Dackel
  • Teckel
  • Tekkel Doxie
  • Bassotto
  • Sosis
  • Worshond
  • Perro Salchicha
  • Taksis

dak sundspeaker


There are three varieties of Dachshund: the shorthaired, the wirehaired, and the longhaired. With each of these varieties there are three sizes. (See Height and Weight.) The Dachshund's body is longer than it is tall, muscular with short legs. It has an elongated head and a slight, convex skull that is arched with protruding eyebrows. The muzzle is long. The jaw is robust with non-pendent lips. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The almond-shaped eyes are dark red or brown-black. The mobile ears hang long on its cheeks. The body has a strong protruding sternum and a moderately retracted abdomen. The tail is carried in line with its back. The short-haired Dachshund's coat should be shiny, sleek and uniform.

Dachshunds have a wide color variety. They are as follows.

Solid colors are: black, red (from strawberry blond to deep auburn), chocolate (brown), isabella (tan or fawn), cream (blond with no trace of red, from golden blond to platinum (the lighter the better) and blue (gray). In the wirehaired variety, cream is referred to as wheaten.

Bicolor Dachshunds may be black and tan, black and creme, chocolate and tan, chocolate and creme, blue and tan, or blue and creme. In these combinations, the former color is the base color, and the tan or creme appears on the face and points. Sable is a red base coat with a black overlay. In the wirehaired variety, there is also wild boar, unique in that the hair shaft itself is bicolor red and black.

Patterns and tricolors:
Brindle: brindles should be striped over the entire body and may be seen on any of the above colors.
Dapple: the dappling is presented as patches of lighter color on a darker base color. This can result in a tricolored Dachshund. Example: black with tan points and silver dappling. If the dappling occurs in the eye, one or both eyes may be blue. Double dapples only occur when both sire and dam are dappled, and results in adding large areas of white to the dapple pattern. There have been genetic defects attributed to double dapple breeding.

Piebald: piebalds can be bicolored or tricolored. They have a white body with patches of one or two solid colors, as in red on white, or black and tan on white. The patches may range from a few spots to covering over 50 percent of the body. There may be ticking throughout the white areas, or they may be solid white.

In the event of cross breeding patterns, as in dapple to piebald or brindle to piebald, the solid patches display the dapple or brindle pattern. Registry depends on the kennel club the dog is registered with, but in the case of only one pattern being registered, the dog should be registered as piebald.


The Dachshund is curious, clever, lively, affectionate, proud, brave and amusing. Devoted to its family, it can be slightly difficult to train and housebreak, but not impossible. Dachshunds travel well. This little dog needs an owner who understands how to be his pack leader or he will take over the house, and begin to try and tell the owner what to do. If the dog is allowed to take over, many behavior problems will arise, such as, but not limited to, guarding furniture, separation anxiety, guarding food, toys or other objects, snapping, biting and obsessive barking. It will become unpredictable with children and adults they do not know. If it gets really bad, it may become unpredictable with its owner. They are usually recommended for older, considerate children, simply because most owners do not display proper pack leadership to small dogs, causing moderate to severe protectiveness, a behavior that can change if the humans start being their pack leader. If they do get the proper leadership, they can get along well with children. This breed has an instinct to dig. They are generally okay with other pets; however, once again, without proper leadership from their humans, they can be jealous, irritable, obstinate and very quick to bite, sometimes refusing to be handled. If you allow your little dog to take over your house, the dog will try his hardest to keep all of his humans in line—a weight which should not be placed on any dog's shoulders, especially one as sweet as a little dog like the Dachshund. These negative traits are not Dachshund traits, they are small dog syndrome traits. Meaning, most owners treat their small dogs like babies, rather than giving them leadership, As well as rules they need to follow along with limits they are, and are not allowed to do, which all dogs instinctually crave. Dachshunds that have human leadership along with a daily pack walk are wonderful family companions with excellent temperaments.

Height, Weight

There are three varieties of Dachshund, the shorthaired, the wirehaired, and the longhaired. According to AKC standard, there are two sizes, Standard and Miniature. Unlike the AKC, Europe also recognizes the Toy variety called a kaninchen, which is the German word for rabbit.

Standard: Height 8 - 11 inches (20 - 27cm); Weight - over 11 pounds (4.9 kg) at the age of 12 months.
Miniature: Height up to 5 - 7 inches (13 - 18 cm); Weight 11 pounds (4.9 kg) or less at the age of 12 months.
Toy: Height up to 12 inches (30 cm); Weight 8 pounds (3.5 kg) at age 12 months.

Note: The unofficial terms such as tweenie, dwarf, toy, teacup or micro-mini Dachshund are not AKC-recognized size variations, however some breeders are using these terms and breeding for a smaller dog. Other unofficial nicknames people have labeled this breed are Wiener Dog, Little Hot Dog, Hotdog Dog and Sausage Dog.

The nickname "tweenie" is often used unofficially when the size falls between the miniature and standard.

Health Problems

Prone to spinal disc problems (Dachshund paralysis), urinary tract problems, heart disease and diabetes. Prone to mast cell tumors. Dachshunds have a tendency to become overweight and lazy. This is a serious health risk, putting added strain on the back.

Living Conditions

Good for apartment living. They are fairly active indoors and will do okay without a yard.


These are active dogs with surprising stamina; they need to be walked daily. They will also enjoy sessions of play in the park or other safe, open areas. Be careful, however, when pedestrians are about because Dachshunds are more likely to be stepped on than more visible dogs. They should be discouraged from jumping, as they are prone to spinal damage.

Life Expectancy

About 12-15 years

Litter Size

About 4 to 8 puppies


Longhaired require daily combing and brushings; wirehaired need professional trimming twice a year, and short-haired require regular rubdown with a damp cloth. This breed is an average shedder.


The Dachshund originated in Germany in the early 1600s. Bred to hunt small game such as badger and rabbit, the Dachshund has shortened legs to hunt and follow these animals to ground inside the burrows where they could fight the prey to the death. "Dachs" is the word for badger. Smaller Dachshunds where bred to hunt hare and stoat. Dachshunds have many "terrier" characteristics. They are versatile and courageous dogs and have been known to take on foxes and otters too. The breed’s population dwindled during World War l, but dogs were imported from Germany to the USA and the gene pool once again increased. The Dachshund was recognized by the AKC in 1885.


Hound, AKC Hound

  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CCR = Canadian Canine Registry
  • CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationalez
  • KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
  • UKC = United Kennel Club

Also for the standard variety the ANKC, CKC, APRI, ACR

Front view - A low to the ground, long-eared, long snouted red colored dog standing in a driveway while on a red leash with green grass behind him.

Dexter the smooth Dachshund

Trubo the black, tan and white Dachshund is sitting on a couch next to a person

Turbo the dapple Dachshund at 2 years old—"His name fits him. He's hyper but at the same time he's very lovely."

Bentley the white, brown and black Mini Dachshund is wearing a red coat outside in snow and looking towards the camera holder

Bentley the Mini Dachshund at 9 months old—"Bentley was given to me by a friend of mine, who owns his mama and daddy and he's been a delight! He's deaf, but if you're not told, you'd never know it! He knows hand signals/signs though, so he knows all of the things a hearing dog knows. He's super smart and he has blue eyes, but one is sky blue and the other is 1/2 sky blue and 1/2 REALLY DARK blue. Wherever I am you'll find Bentley right behind me, even in the bathroom. He cries the entire time I take a shower, don't ask me why! lol Bentley is my beautiful boy."

Scrappy the tan Dachshund is laying his head on the back of Moxie the black and tan Dachshund

"Scrappy (behind) is a 7-year-old male standard Dachshund and Moxie (in front) is a 9-month-old female miniature silver dapple Dachshund."

Close Up head shot - Russell the long haired Dachsund

"Russell is a one-year-old red wirehaired Dachshund. He’s a happy-go-lucky guy who loves everyone, he always finds a way into your lap so he can lick your face and cuddle with you for hours. He was an anniversary gift for my mother, as this was always her dream dog. He’s just the sweetest little guy!"

Three Dachshunds are lined  up  laying on a couch. The first one is black and tan and the other two are tan.

Smooth miniature Dachshund puppies at 10 weeks

Oreo the black, white and tan mini Dachshund puppy is sitting outside. His mouth is open and tongue is out

Oreo is a beautiful, active, silly, longhaired, piebald mini Dachshund.

Close Up - Avery the Miniature Dachshund is sitting on top of a person with her head tilted to the right

"This is Avery, the longhaired miniature Dachshund at about 5 months old. She is an English cream piebald dapple Dachshund and is the epitome of the breed. She loves to hunt, dig and bark and her favorite pastime is chasing birds and rodents in the yard. Though she may seem like a "prissy dog," she definitely knows how to get dirty! She is a stubborn little girl, but absolutely loves to cuddle up on the couch under a blanket with me."

Oscar the over weight black and tan Dachshund is standing on its hind legs. Its front paws are just hanging in the air

"Oscar is a five-year-old rescue Dachshund from Hearts United for Animals, a no-kill shelter in southeast Nebraska. He's been with us for almost a year now. He is one spoiled baby! He is a black and tan "Tweenie," (between a standard and mini). He was adopted with his "sister" Dollie. They came from the same home and were put out by their former owners at a garage sale with a sign "Free to a Good Home." We urge support of no-kill shelters and support abolishment of puppy mills!"

Close Up - Buddy the black, tan and gray spotted Mini Dachshund Puppy is laying on a burgundy couch

"My dog is a dapple mini Dachshund, shown here at 5 months old. Buddy is a very laid back kind of guy because I take him for walks every day, which he really likes. Buddy is so smart; I taught him sit, lie down, roll over, shake, speak, play dead, and circle (that is where he will run in a circle). He also can sit and lie down at a distance. I want to get him his CGC (Canine Good Citizen). It is so funny watching him play with a chocolate Lab that I walk. We have to be careful when they play because of the size difference. Buddy is so submissive around other dogs; he will walk up to another dog and plop down on his back. I have raised him Cesar's Way from day one and I want to be a Dog Whisperer. Buddy is definitely a balanced canine. I have all of the Dog Whisperer seasons on DVD and read all of his books. I am a big fan and my dog has been balanced from day one. I am a dog walker right now and I walk every dog Cesar's Way and so Buddy gets to be in a pack of dogs."

Gretta the tan Dachshund is laying on a couch next to a person and she has pearls around her neck

Gretta the Dachshund at 20 months old

See more examples of the Dachshund