The words Dog Breed Info with the letter D inside of a black paw print

The Purebred Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

Information and Pictures

A happy looking, long-coated, tan with brown and white Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is sitting in grass and it is looking forward. Its mouth is open, tongue is out and it is wearing a blue ribbon in its hair.

Christian the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka at 8 months old, photo courtesy of Bolonka Treasures

Other Names
  • Russian Bolonka
  • Bolonka-Zwetna
  • Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka

(The plural for Bolonka is Bolonki.) The Russian Bolonka is moderately boned and should never appear fine-boned. It is accepted in all colors except white; no more than 20% white is accepted.


Bolonki are sturdy, happy, playful little dogs with an affectionate and loving temperament that is ideal for their role in life. They are intelligent, outgoing, trusting and energetic dogs that will also be content to sit quietly on a lap for as long as it is allowed. They need gentle, firm obedience training. Make sure you are this dog's firm, confident, consistent pack leader to avoid Small Dog Syndrome, human induced behavior problems. Always remember, dogs are canines, not humans. Be sure to meet their natural instincts as animals.

Height, Weight

7 - 10 inches (17 - 25 cm)
The body is slightly longer than the height at the withers, just off-square.

Health Problems

This breed is prone to typical small-dog health conditions, including: luxating patella, hip dysplasia, liver shunt, thyroid, heart, eyes. Because of the rarity of the breed this information is not fully documented; however, ethical breeders and owners are asked to health test and submit these results to the OFA and breed health databases.

Living Conditions

Bolonki are suitable for people in towns and cities as well as in the country. They are active indoors and will do okay without a yard.


These little dogs, need a daily walk. Play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however, as with all breeds, play will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk. Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display behavior problems. They will also enjoy a good romp in a safe, open area off lead, such as a large, fenced-in yard.

Life Expectancy

About 12-16 years

Litter Size

About 1 to 3 puppies


Regular grooming is necessary. Comb a few times a week and bathe as needed. Shampoo, condition, towel dry until damp then comb with a wide-tooth comb or pick. Minimal blow drying so their characteristic curls form. Hair can be kept off of the eyes with bow or band. This breed tends to be good for allergy sufferers





  • ARBA = American Rare Breed Association
  • AKC/FSS = American Kennel Club Foundation Stock Service® Program
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • NATBC = North American Tsvetnaya Bolonka Club