Dog Breed Info Center(R) DBIC

Caravan Hound

Information and Pictures

Left Profile - Caravan Hound posing in front of a large green wall

Photo courtesy of Neil Trilokekar

Other Names
  • Mudhol Hound
  • Maratha Hound
  • Pashmi Hound
Pronunciation

Car-a-waan

Description

The Caravan Hound’s head is long and narrow and broad between the ears with a tapering muzzle. The jaws are long and powerful, but deceptively weak looking. The nose is large and may be black or liver colored. The ears are moderate in size and hang close to the skull. The eyes are large and oval in shape, being dark hazel to amber in color. The expression is a piercing gaze. The neck is long, clean and muscular and fits well into the shoulders, which are well-laid back. The forelegs are long, straight and well-boned. The back is long, broad and well-muscled with a slight curve over the loin. The loins are wide and deep. The chest is strong and deep with well sprung ribs. The abdomen is tucked in. The hindquarters appear wide and well-muscled. The tail is strong at the base, not too long, set low and carried in a natural curve. It should never be carried curled over the back. The gait is high-footed, flexing all four legs. The coat may be short and smooth or of a silky texture, sporting fringes on the ears, legs, backs of thighs and tail. All colors and combinations of colors are seen.

Temperament

Aloof and independent but highly intelligent and a keen hunter, reserved with strangers. Does not like to be touched or handled by anyone other than its master. Can and will protect that which it holds dear if need be, the Caravan Hound needs a great deal of socialization starting from a young age. Owners of this breed need to be calm, with an air of gentle, but firm authority over the dog. The rules of the house must be made clear in a way the dog can understand.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 26 - 29 inches (66 - 74 cm) Females 23 - 26 inches (55 - 66 cm)

Health Problems

Survival of the fittest has been beneficial to the Caravan Hound and as a result the breed suffers from no specific health issues.

Living Conditions

The Caravan Hound is not for life in an apartment. It does best in a home with access to a large, fenced yard. It does not fancy cold, wet climates. It is happiest outdoors, and is at home in tropical climates. If kept in a cold environment, extra protection such as winter coats and doggy boots are required. This is not the type of dog that does well living alone; it needs human interaction and must be an integrated member of the family. It will not handle being crated for long periods of time very well.

Exercise

Being a sighthound, the Caravan needs a tremendous amount of daily exercise in order to remain physically and mentally sound. Daily long walks where the dog is made to heel beside or behind the person holding the lead are essential, coupled with long, weekly or bi-weekly running sessions in a large, enclosed, safe area. Never allow a Caravan off leash on unfenced ground, as it has the ability to become selectively deaf to its master’s calls should anything catch its attention and trigger a chase. Exercise is one of the key ingredients to a well-adjusted Caravan, so if you cannot provide enough of it, please do not think of owning this breed.

Life Expectancy

10-15 years

Litter Size

About 3 to 7 puppies

Grooming

None is required for the smooth variety. A weekly brushing for the feathered is all that is needed. The Caravan Hound is an average shedder.

Origin

The Caravan is an ancient breed, native to the Deccan Plateau of India. This region covers parts of the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and to a lesser degree, Andhra Pradesh. The breed is basically an offshoot of the Saluki and was first introduced into India by traders and mercenaries from various parts of Asia, who traveled in caravans. When local people saw the dogs running alongside the caravans, they began referring to them as “karwani,” meaning “of the caravans.” The name endures to this day in the villages, but it was Anglicized to Caravan Hound when the Kennel Club of India recognized the breed. In Karnataka, the breed is also known as the “Mudhol Hound,” after a small town in Bijapur district. A former ruler of Mudhol, Sri Srimanth Raja Malojirao Gorphade, had presented a fine pair of these dogs to King George V of England. Upon inspecting these curiosities, the monarch found them true to sighthound conformation and dubbed them “the hounds of Mudhol.” However, since it is not found only in Mudhol, but is widely kept throughout the Deccan, the correct name for the breed remains Caravan Hound. The feathered variety may be referred to as a Pashmi.

Group

Hound

Recognition
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • INKC = Indian National Kennel Club
  • KCI = Kennel Club of India
Left Profile - Amit Desai the Caravan Hound is standing on a towel inside of a structure that has a dirt floor

Amit Desai, feathered variety of Caravan aka Pashmi, photo courtesy of Neil Trilokekar

Left Profile - Prasad Mayekar the Caravan Hound is standing in a lawn with a person behind it and a bed of flowers in the background

Prasad Mayekar, feathered variety of Caravan aka Pashmi, photo courtesy of Neil Trilokekar

Right Profile - Caravan Hound is standing in dirt in the woods with a person behind it

Photo courtesy of Neil Trilokekar

Right Profile - Caravan Hound is standing outside in grass with trees behind it

Photo courtesy of Neil Trilokekar

A person is standing in between two Caravan Hounds out in the woods

Photo courtesy of Neil Trilokekar

Mudhol Hound is standing in front of a wall and looking towards the camera holder

Photo courtesy of Praveen

A white Mudhol Hound Puppy is laying outside on concrete next to a couch

Baahubali Scooby the white Mudhol Hound as a puppy at about 5 months old from India

Closeup - A Mudhol Hound standing outside in grass wearing a black collar and a leash

Baahubali Scooby the white Mudhol Hound as a puppy at about 5 months old from India

A Mudhol Hound Puppy is sitting on a blue rug in front of a wicker chair

Baahubali Scooby the white Mudhol Hound as a young puppy at about 1 month old from India

A double white border overlayed. Sadhu the Mudhol Hound is laying on a rug next to a blue chair with a person in it. The words - mudhol hound - sadhu are overlayed

Sadhu the Mudhol Hound at 2 years old from India—"Sadhu the Mudhol Hound is registered under the KCI (Kennel Club of India). He is a wonderful and genuine purebred dog."

Sadhu the Mudhol Hound is standing on a bench in a yard with its front paws on a concrete wall and looking over it

Sadhu the Mudhol Hound at 2 years old from India

Sadhu the Mudhol Hound is standing against a red bench and looking over the small concrete wall

Sadhu the Mudhol Hound at 2 years old from India

Understanding Dog Behavior