The words Dog Breed Info with the letter D inside of a black paw print

The Purebred German Shorthaired Pointer

Information and Pictures

A brown with white German Shorthaired Pointer is sitting in a grass path near a body of water

"This is our German Shorthaired Pointer, Fritz. He is 2 years old and is the perfect dog for us. Fritz is loyal, obedient, respectful and active! The high point of Fritz's day is the long run we take every afternoon. He has a voracious appetite and never turns down a meal. Fritz is enrolled in agility training and loves to run the obstacle course. Fritz's best quality is his respect for authority. We can simply tell him what to do in a soft, calm voice, and he will do it gladly. He knows his boundaries and always does his best to please us."

Other Names
  • German Short-haired Pointing Dog
  • Deutsch Kurzhaar
  • GSP

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The German Shorthaired Pointer is a versatile all-purpose gundog. The head is in proportion to the body. The skull is slightly round on top, broad and arched on the sides. The length of the muzzle should be equal to the length of the skull. The muzzle is long with a slight stop that can be viewed from the side. The large nose is brown with wide open nostrils. The almond-shaped, medium-sized eyes are dark brown. The high-set ears are broad, hanging close to the head. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The chest is deep. The tail is docked to about 40% of its length. Note: docking tails is illegal in most parts of Europe. The compact feet are webbed. Dewclaws on the front feet may be removed. The skin is tight. The short coat is thick and rough to the touch. It is slightly longer on the underside of the tail and the back edge of the hips, and softer, shorter and thinner on the head and ears. Coat colors include solid liver, liver and white, liver ticked or patches, white ticked or liver roan.


One of the most energetic breeds, the German Shorthaired Pointer is a hunting dog by nature. Protective, clever, eager and willing to please, it is very fond of its human family. Happy-go-lucky, it loves nothing more than to engage in some type of constructive activity with its owners such as a long walk, jog, hike, hunt, or a game of Frisbee. This breed is not suited to life in a kennel. Faithful, spirited and friendly, it likes and mixes well with children. Dominancy and energy levels vary slightly from puppy to puppy even within the same litter, however those bred for working in high-performance field competitions usually require more activity than the average Shorthair, but are all still very high energy dogs who need a lot of daily exercise. Best suited for an active family. When they lack in exercise they can become high strung and frustrated. The GSP will not listen if it senses that it is stronger minded than its owner, however it will also not respond well to harsh discipline. The GSP needs an owner who displays a natural air of authority providing firm, but calm, confident and consistent with rules it must be made to follow. The GSP crave order and need structure in its life. If this breed lacks in either exercise or leadership it can develop separation anxiety and possibly become destructive and nervous. Well adjusted, stable minded GSPs who receive enough mental and physical activity along with a balance of consistent leadership will get along with other dogs and cats. This breed likes to bark and can be reserved with strangers. Socialize well. They will be in their glory if they are actually used for what they were bred for and taken on hunting trips.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 23 - 25 inches (59 - 64 cm) Females 21 - 23 inches (53 - 58 cm)
Weight: Males 55 - 70 pounds (25 - 32 kg) Females 45 - 60 pounds (20 - 27 kg)

Health Problems

Usually a healthy breed but some are prone to epilepsy, hip dysplasia, hermaphrodism and lymphedema. Some minor concerns are CHD, entropion, gastric torsion, VWD, pannus, OCD. Prone to mast cell tumors.

Living Conditions

This breed is not recommended for apartment life and does best with a large yard and an active, athletic family. It may be able to jump any fence that is lower than 6 feet tall. Under exercised, bored GSPs are great escape artists.


Exercise is of paramount importance for these tireless, energetic animals. They are more than a match for even the most active family and they should not be taken on as family pets unless they can be guaranteed plenty of vigorous exercise. They need to be taken on a daily, brisk, long walk, jog or run alongside you when you bicycle. If under-exercised, this breed can become restless and destructive.

Life Expectancy

About 12-15 years

Litter Size

About 7 to 12 puppies


The smooth coat of the Pointer is very easy to groom. Just brush regularly with a firm bristle brush and bathe only when necessary. A rub with a piece of toweling or chamois will leave the coat gleaming. Check the feet also, especially after the dog has been exercising or working. Dry the dog thoroughly after hunting to prevent chilling. Examine the ears regularly. This breed is an average shedder.


While not proven, some think that the German Shorthaired Pointer is a descendant of different types of German hunting, scent hounds, trail and track dogs, such as the Old Spanish Pointer, German Bird Dog, Hounds of St. Hubert (Bloodhound types), and the Foxhound. Later the English Pointer was crossed in to add speed and endurance. German hunters were after an all-purpose utility dog that not only had a good nose, but could point, track, was an excellent retriever and gundog, in both field and water for both feather and fur. They also wanted a dog that was an excellent weekend hunter, but made a good family companion and watchdog. The German Shorthaired Pointer was recognized by the AKC in 1930. The German Shorthaired Pointer contributed in the development of the German Wirehaired Pointer. The German Shorthaired Pointer's talents are show dog, obedience, gundog, retrieving, tracking trials, field trials and hunting tests.


Gun Dog, AKC Sporting

  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
  • UKC = United Kennel Club
A little, soft, long-eared brown puppy with a brown head and ticking on his body laying down on a tan tiled floor looking adorable

Yukon the GSP as a puppy at 8 weeks old

A white with brown ticked German Shorthaired Pointer is trotting across a dirt path in a pointing stance

Sammy the German Shorthaired Pointer at 12 years old pointing—"Despite his age Sammy is still full of energy."

A black with grey and white ticked German Shorthaired Pointer is standing in patchy grass panting.

Vik the German Shorthaired Pointer at 2 years old—"Vik is an incredibly energetic companion and is quite the athlete. He LOVES to hunt! Nothing will prevent him from reaching his goals. He is very diligent and fierce in all of his activities. He dives into water with all of his enthusiasm...bushes, too! But at the end of the day, he just wants his own bed inside to enjoy with the family."

A black with grey and white German Shorthaired Pointer is jumping off of a wooden dock outside into a body of water

Vik the German Shorthaired Pointer at 2 years old jumping off of the dock into the water

A black and white German Shorthaired Pointer is wearing a bright orange collar walking through ice and snow in the field

"Our German Shorthair Pointer Sadie has been a major part of our family. She is shown here at 2 years old. When we go for drives she goes with (best dog for traveling). She loves to pheasant hunt...minute we get the guns ready she is sitting by the door waiting. She loves her walks, fetches balls (she tries to get 3 tennis balls in her mouth). She also bats around a tennis ball on the floor like a cat. We take her out in the country for long walks. This is her pride and joy. She loves to point at birds, bugs and anything that smaller than her. She loves to cuddle up with us in a blanket...okay she is spoiled. But she definitely knows she is loved. I do daycare in my home. All the kids love her and she can't wait for them to come everyday!"

Action shot - A chocolate and white German Shorthaired Pointer puppy is running through tall grass and its ears are flopping around

"This is our 6.5-week-old German Shorthaired Pointer puppy Hudson while out for some exercise and "finding" some Pheasant wings that I placed in the grass. He had a blast and loved running through the tall grass."

A chocolate ticked German Shorthair Pointer puppy is laying on a tan carpet next to a toy box and there are plush toys around it

Sadie the German Shorthair Pointer puppy at about 4 months old

A German Shorthaired Pointer puppy is sitting in grass and its front right paw is up. Its mouth is open and tongue is out.

Redi Turkio Oaze, 2 years old

Action shot - A German Shorthair Pointer is running in front of a chain link fence. None of its paws are touching the ground

"This is a picture of my German Shorthair Pointer Sasami. She is 10 months old in this picture. Sasami is a lovable, goofy dog who loves to run and play. She enjoys chasing birds, which she was doing in this picture, but rarely barks at them. She is a very friendly and outgoing dog. She loves to play with my 2 boys, Brandon and Kane. She isn't happy unless she is with her people. She never growls and loves being the center of attention. Being a fan of Cesar Millan, I understand the importance of daily exercise for high-energy dogs and I make sure Sasami gets plenty of exercise everyday."

A white with black German Shorthaired Pointer puppy is sitting on a brown bed next to a person who is laying down.

"Abby is 3 months old in the photo and has become a wonderful addition to our family. She is a very loving dog and enjoys spending all her time with the family. She likes to retrieve balls and is being trained to hunt. Abby has a lot of energy and requires at least one good walk a day. We would like to get her a backpack to wear while walking so she can get more exercise and get some of her energy out while on her walks. She has learned how to sit for treats and is crate trained. Her markings are the most beautiful thing. Her ears are so soft and she looks at you with those droopy brown eyes to steal your heart. My son Cole, 13 years old, chose Abby for a companion and a hunting dog. They have a bond that can only be described as "man's best friend.""

A white with brown ticked German Shorthaired Pointer puppy is laying down in between a persons legs who is wearing blue jeans.

Cali, German Shorthaired Pointer as a puppy at 8 weeks about to take a nap

See more examples of the German Shorthaired Pointer