Mastitis In Dogs: A Toy-Breed Case
Mastitis is an infection of the milk ducts. Also called 'mammitis' or 'mastadenitis, mastitis during nursing can be caused by a breast (teat) engorgement (swelling). Mastitis can also be caused by a blocked milk duct. You may see cracked or damaged skin or tissue around the nipple. Bacteria get inside, either by a crack or even through the pores, and can infect the dam suddenly, even if the teat is not engorged. An engorged breast is a mild form of mastitis. Mastitis, if not treated, can lead to gangrene mastitis. Gangrene mastitis is caused by bacteria that do not require oxygen to grow (anaerobic bacteria). The skin turns black and dies, leaving a huge hole that will drain pus-blood. The dam will have a high temperature and needs antibiotics. Gangrene mastitis results in the dam losing the teat. If your dam develops mastitis, begin treatment immediately to avoid it turning into gangrene mastitis.
Tuesday morning this dam woke to a very hard lump under her teat. Her milk ducts had become plugged and mastitis had rapidly set in. Her teat was not impacted with milk, but it had gone quickly to mastitis, missing the step of an undrained teat. Why does this happens? It is random. Bad luck.
This is the start of mastitis in a toy breed. When you compare the teat with mastitis with the others it is very obvious there is an infection. This can come up suddenly, even if the teat is not engorged.
Picture shows day two. Notice the blood mixed with pus.
You have to drain the infected teat three times a day.
By Wednesday the teat was producing pure pus. Notice the pus mixed with blood coming from the teat.
Thursday the teat still contained pus. Here you can see both pus and milk coming out of the infected teat. It looks like there is one clear duct with white milk and the others are infected with pus coming out.
This can be serious. The dam could lose the teat. We have had experience with this issue and knew to immediately start the dam on antibiotics, hot packs and draining.
A hot-warm pack should be placed on the infected teat four times a day. This bag of IV fluid works very well. Just zap the bag in the microwave. Make sure the bag is not so hot as to burn the skin. Test it on your own wrist before placing it on the dam.
This picture shows a heat pack being placed on a dog's teat with mastitis.
Once the dam is on antibiotics it is safe to let the two larger pups suck on the teat to help clear up the infection.
You will have a very hard time clearing the infection if the teat is not sucked on.
It may take some encouraging on your part as the pups will prefer the other teats over that one.
YEAH!!! Success! Friday morning we are back to milk.
You can still feel the hard lump way up under her teat. She will need to be on antibiotics for a while still.
This is a very happy ending thanks to acting fast. Experience has taught us that the faster you act the quicker you can turn this around. Remember, an impacted teat that was not drained can lead to mastitis and sometimes mastitis just happens. You have to be monitoring your dam’s teats regularly.
Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese
- You Want to Breed Your Dog
- Pros and Cons of Inbreeding Dogs
- Stages of Puppy Development
- Whelping and Raising Puppies: Breeding age
- Reproduction: (The Heat Cycle): Signs of Heat
- Breeding Tie
- Dog Pregnancy Calendar
- Pregnancy Guide Prenatal Care
- Pregnant Dogs
- Pregnant Dog X-Ray Pictures
- Full-Term Mucus Plug in Dog
- Whelping Puppies
- Whelping Puppy Kit
- First and Second Stage of Dog's Labor
- Third Stage of Dog's Labor
- Sometimes Things do not go as Planned
- Mother Dog Almost Dies on Day 6
- Whelping Puppies Unfortunate Troubles
- Even Good Moms Make Mistakes
- Whelping Puppies: A Green Mess
- Water (Walrus) Puppies
- C-Sections In Dogs
- C-Section Due to Large Dead Puppy
- Emergency Cesarean Section Saves Pups Lives
- Why dead puppies in utero often require c-sections
- Whelping Puppies: C-section Pictures
- Pregnant Dog Day 62
- PostPartum Dog
- Whelping and Raising Puppies: Birth to 3 weeks
- Raising Puppies: Puppy Nipple Guarding
- Pups 3 Weeks: Time to start potty training
- Raising Puppies: Pups Week 4
- Raising Puppies: Pups Week 5
- Raising Puppies: Pups Week 6
- Raising Puppies: Pups 6 to 7.5 Weeks
- Raising Puppies: Pups 8 Weeks
- Raising Puppies: Pups 8 to 12 Weeks
- Whelping and Raising Large Breed Dogs
- Mastitis in Dogs
- Mastitis In Dogs: A Toy Breed Case
- Why are Toy Breeds Harder to Train?
- Crate Training
- Showing, Genetics and Breeding
- Trying to Save a Fading Dachshund Puppy
- Whelping and Raising Puppies Stories: Three Puppies Born
- Whelping and Raising Puppies: All puppies do not always survive
- Whelping and Raising Puppies: A Midwoof Call
- Whelping and Raising a Full Term Preemie Puppy
- Whelping Small for Gestational Age Puppy
- C-Section on Dog Due to Uterine Inertia
- Eclampsia is Often Fatal for Dogs
- Hypocalcemia (low calcium) in Dogs
- SubQ hydrating a Puppy
- Whelping and Raising a Singleton Pup
- Premature Litter of Puppies
- A Premature Puppy
- Another Premature Puppy
- Pregnant Dog Absorbing Fetus
- CPR Needed to Save One Puppy
- Whelping Puppies Congenital Defects
- Puppy with Umbilical Cord Attached to Foot
- Puppy Born with Intestines on the Outside
- Gone Wrong, Vet Makes it Worse
- Dog Loses Litter and Starts to Absorb Puppies
- Whelping Puppies: Unexpected Early Delivery
- Dog whelps 5 days early due to dead pups
- Lost 1 Puppy, Saved 3
- An Abscess on a Puppy
- Dewclaw Removal Done Wrong
- Whelping and Raising Pups: Heat Pad Caution
- Whelping and Raising a Large Litter of Dogs
- Whelping and Raising Dogs While Working
- Whelping a Messy Litter of Pups
- Whelping and Raising Puppies Picture Pages
- How to Find a Good Breeder
- Pros and Cons of Inbreeding
- Hernias in Dogs
- Cleft Palate Puppies
- Saving Baby E, a Cleft Palate Puppy
- Saving a Puppy: Tube Feeding: Cleft Palate
Whelping: Close-to-Textbook Case
- Puppies' Progress Chart (.xls spreadsheet)
- Cuban Mysti Puppies: Full Term Mucus Plug - 1
- Cuban Mysti Puppies: Labor Story 2
- Cuban Mysti Puppies: Labor Story 3
- Cuban Mysti Puppies: One-Day-Old Pups 4
- Easy Delivery a Day or Two Overdue
Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs. You can find more whelping information in the links above. The links below tell the story of Sassy, an English Mastiff. Sassy has a wonderful temperament. She loves humans and adores children. An all-around mild mannered, wonderful Mastiff, Sassy, however, is not the best mother toward her puppies. She is not rejecting them; she will nurse them when a human places them on her to feed, however she will not clean the pups or pay any attention to them. It is as if they are not her puppies. This litter is getting mom’s milk with major human interaction, manually giving each and every pup what they need. In return, the pups will be super socialized and will make remarkable pets, however the work involved is astounding. It takes one dedicated breeder to keep this situation healthy. Thankfully this litter has just that. Read the links below to get the full story. The pages within include a wealth of information that everyone can appreciate and benefit from.
- C-Section in a Large Breed Dog
- Newborn Puppies... What you need
- Whelping and Raising Large Breed Puppies: 1 to 3 Days Old
- Things do not always go as planned (imperforate anus)
- Orphaned Litter of Pups (not the plan)
- Raising Puppies 10 Days Old Plus +
- Raising Puppies 3 Week Old Puppies
- Raising Puppies 3 Weeks - time to start potty training
- Raising Puppies 4 weeks old
- Raising Puppies 5 weeks old
- Raising Puppies 6 weeks old
- Raising Puppies 7 weeks old
- Socializing the Puppies
- Mastitis in Dogs
- Whelping and Raising Large Breed Dogs Main
- Whelping and Raising Puppies, a new found respect