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Whelping an Almost Text Book Case

Cuban Mysti Puppies: Labor Story Page 2

Sunday - Day 60
At 7:00 a.m. the dam's temperature was 100° F (last week, temperature was 100-ish).
At 4:00 p.m. the dam's temperature was 99.7° (24 hours from this time, labor should begin).
At 6:00 p.m. the dam's temperature was 99.6° and she ate only half of her dinner.
At 9:00 p.m. her temperature was 99.5°.



Monday - Day 61
Cuban Mysti Puppies WILL be born SOON...for sure.
At 12:00 a.m. the dam's temperature was 99.3°. 
At 2:00 a.m. the dam's temperature was 98.7°. 
At 4:00 a.m. the dam's temperature was 98.2°. 
At 6:30 a.m. the dam's temperature was 98.1°. 
At 8:00 a.m. the dam's temperature was 97° (12 hours from this time we should be having or just had puppies).

She has refused breakfast.

At 10:00 a.m. the dam's temperature was 98.1°. She has hit the bottom low temperature.

OK, so the temperature has dropped. Make sure all your whelping supplies are brought out and ready (see whelping supplies). Plug in your heating pad or your warming box, and put your rags/clothes in to warm.

CALL your vet and give him a heads-up.

At 12:00 p.m. the dam's temperature was 98.4° (I gave a squirt of Nutri-Cal energy boost paste).

At 2:00 p.m. the dam's temperature is 98.3°. She is just resting at this point all stretched out.

She is lying beside her whelping box right now, all stretched out in the first stage of labor. She is stretching out so the pups can all get lined up.

(No signs of labor), no distress; she is just lying down.

At 4:00 p.m. the dam's temperature was 98.7° when the panting started. Exactly 24 hours from the beginning of the temperature drop we are seeing the first visible signs of labor. She is now in stage one.
At 6:00 p.m. the dam's temperature was 98.7°—more panting and mild digging.
At 8:00 p.m. the dam's temperature was 98.7° with panting and digging.

The house was busy till now. Some dams will wait till the house quiets down before they will go into full labor. Mysti seems to be stalling. A dam has the ability to shut down and wait, so if your home is busy, ask people to leave.

8:30 p.m.—an internal exam with rubber glove and lube shows she is dilated.



Day 62...

I give her paper, and she is trying to poop every few minutes. She is now feeling pressure of the pups, and having LOTS of little poops. I have given her some Nutri-Cal to boost her energy.

As she is leaving the paper her tail is up, and she is having a contraction. If your dog insists on going outside at this stage, as many new moms do not know the difference between having babies and pooping so they insist on going outside because it feels like they have to poop. If you take your dam outside she MUST be on a leash. Many a dog has gone missing at this stage. Go out with a flashlight (if dark), a leash AND a cloth in case she pops out a puppy (be prepared). Toy dogs are easier to manage at this time, as you can set up a potty station.

Dam is drinking water; offer lots of water, see her swelly belly.

11:45 p.m.—I would like to see things starting, so I gave her 15ml of Calsorb, and she vomited it up. I have given her another internal; she is fully dilated with a pup at the beginning of the birth canal, about four inches up. Some people give oxytocin at this stage; I highly recommend NOT!! It causes the muscles to contract and the placentas to detach. It is dangerous stuff. Try calcium FIRST. It works.

If you have no Calsorb or liquid calcium, then vanilla ice cream works great between puppies.

REMEMBER to have the dam on a LOW calcium diet, at least ten days before whelping. NO puppy food, nothing with extra calcium like cottage cheese or sardines.

I gave her a chewed up Tums which she vomited up. I gave her a little more Nutri-Cal and she vomited that up as well.

She is in a little distress now; she has the squirts (diarrhea), vomiting and shaking. But I think she has absorbed some of the calcium.

The internal I gave her was a little more aggressive, not to hurt her, but I did some feathering to try to get her going. It works most of the time.

12:30 a.m.—water sac...yippee, a sac! Just LEAVE IT. If she breaks it, fine, but do not touch it…leave her, as a pup should be out in an hour or up to two hours.

2:40 a.m.—I want her to have some calcium. If it were not midnight, I may have taken her to the vet for a calcium drip (IV injection) but I will compromise and make due.
12:40 a.m. 1cc of liquid calcium, given orally
12:50 a.m. 1cc of liquid calcium, given orally
1:00 a.m. 1cc of liquid calcium (the small amounts are because I do not want her vomiting it up)
1:15 a,m. 2cc Nutri-Cal
1:20 a.m. 2cc Nutri-Cal (I am guessing there will be a pup in ten minutes, as she kept it ALL down)

1:30 a.m.—a BIG, STRONG push.... A pup is in birth canal...


My thumb is on the puppy's ear…YES, this is a puppy, this is his head. Remember all the puffy skin around the vulva? This is holding the puppy; he is halfway out. This is a big puppy and the dam needs some help, but I will let her try on her own for a bit. I let her try on her own, but she just couldn't get it out.

Pup has gone back inside.... After several attempts to get this puppy out, she exhausts herself and just cannot get it past this point. At the NEXT contraction I will need to help her.

Take your fingers, and pushing with your thumb, kinda try to pull that skin back to get the head out. She may scream, she may try to bite, you may need a helper. This will hurt her.... I push the puppy head out, even though it is still covered in that skin.

The head is out

Puppy born at 1:40 a.m.


Pup is still attached to the dam by the cord, but let’s worry about getting him going first.

This is a white champagne puppy, BUT he is kinda blue. NEVER give up on a puppy; you can revive them. LEARN HOW.....!! This puppy needs heat and a good rubbing to make him mad...get gently aggressive. HEAD down to drain the mucus

He is pinking up. Hemostats are on his cord, stopping him from bleeding.

I suck out his mucus with the blue bulb you see in the background.

I give him to his mom for a minute. He is a huge, 230-gram (eight-ounce) puppy from a nine-pound dam. The average size is six ounces, but five to eight ounces is common. This boy will be called Red Boy. I use a red Sharpie marker on this tail to mark him. I weigh him, dry him and get him warm.

In a warmed up rice pad that I microwaved I wrap the puppy like a hot dog in a warm bun. See how nice and champagne he is, and how he has pinked up? Reviving puppies is MUCH easier than some think.

Now when I clamp the cord, I put on two hemostats and cut in the middle. One pair goes with the puppy, and one pair stays on the dam. Forty percent of the time the placenta comes out with the puppy, while 60% of the time, it stays inside and follows. I like to keep a hold of it, and the sterile hemostats do just that.

Got that placenta—this litter has five puppies (one born so far). I usually let the dam eat two placentas, but Mysti doesn't want any.

See how yucky the placenta is and also the greenish-black tarry color. This is the stuff you want to see AFTER the puppy is born, ideally. Textbook birth is the puppy is born first, then the placenta. If you see black green tarry stuff, it usually means there is a dead puppy. Some green is fine, however.



Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

Whelping: Close-to-Textbook Case

Puppies' Progress Chart (.xls spreadsheet)

Cuban Mysti Puppies: Full Term Mucus Plug - 1

Cuban Mysti Puppies: Labor Story 2

Cuban Mysti Puppies: Labor Story 3

Cuban Mysti Puppies: One-Day-Old Pups 4

Easy Delivery a Day or Two Overdue


So You Want to Breed Puppies

Pros and Cons of Inbreeding Dogs

Stages of Puppy Development

Whelping and Raising Puppies: Breeding age

Reproduction: (The Heat Cycle): Signs of Heat

Breeding Tie

Dog Pregnancy Calendar

Pregnancy Guide Prenatal Care

Pregnant Dogs

Pregnant Dog X-Ray Pictures

Full-Term Mucus Plug in Dog

Whelping Puppies

Whelping Puppy Kit

First and Second Stage of Dog's Labor

Third Stage of Dog's Labor

Sometimes Things do not go as Planned

Mother Dog Almost Dies on Day 6

Whelping Puppies Unfortunate Troubles

Even Good Moms Make Mistakes

Whelping Puppies: A Green Mess

Water (Walrus) Puppies

C-Sections In Dogs

C-Section Due to Large Dead Puppy

Emergency Cesarean Section Saves Pups Lives

Why dead puppies in utero often require c-sections

Whelping Puppies: C-section Pictures

Pregnant Dog Day 62

PostPartum Dog

Whelping and Raising Puppies: Birth to 3 weeks

Raising Puppies: Puppy Nipple Guarding

Pups 3 Weeks: Time to start potty training

Raising Puppies: Pups Week 4

Raising Puppies: Pups Week 5

Raising Puppies: Pups Week 6

Raising Puppies: Pups 6 to 7.5 Weeks

Raising Puppies: Pups 8 Weeks

Raising Puppies: Pups 8 to 12 Weeks

Whelping and Raising Large Breed Dogs

Mastitis in Dogs

Mastitis In Dogs: A Toy Breed Case

Why are Toy Breeds are Harder to Train?

Crate Training

Showing, Genetics and Breeding

Trying to Save a Fading Dachshund Puppy

Whelping and Raising Puppies Stories: Three Puppies Born

Whelping and Raising Puppies: All puppies do not always survive

Whelping and Raising Puppies: A Midwoof Call

Whelping and Raising a Full Term Preemie Puppy

Whelping Small for Gestational Age Puppy

C-Section on Dog Due to Uterine Inertia

Eclampsia is Often Fatal for Dogs

Hypocalcemia (low calcium) in Dogs

SubQ hydrating a Puppy

Whelping and Raising a Singleton Pup

Premature Litter of Puppies

A Premature Puppy

Another Premature Puppy

Pregnant Dog Absorbing Fetus

CPR Needed to Save One Puppy

Whelping Puppies Congenital Defects

Puppy with Umbilical Cord Attached to Foot

Puppy Born with Intestines on the Outside

Gone Wrong, Vet Makes it Worse

Dog Loses Litter and Starts to Absorb Puppies

Whelping Puppies: Unexpected Early Delivery

Dog whelps 5 days early due to dead pups

Lost 1 Puppy, Saved 3

An Abscess on a Puppy

Dewclaw Removal Done Wrong

Whelping and Raising Pups: Heat Pad Caution

Whelping and Raising a Large Litter of Dogs

Whelping and Raising Dogs While Working

Whelping a Messy Litter of Pups

Whelping and Raising Puppies Picture Pages

How to Find a Good Breeder

Pros and Cons of Inbreeding

Hernias in Dogs

Cleft Palate Puppies

Saving Baby E, a Cleft Palate Puppy

Saving a Puppy: Tube Feeding: Cleft Palate


Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs. You can find more whelping information in the links above. The links below tell the story of Sassy, an English Mastiff. Sassy has a wonderful temperament. She loves humans and adores children. An all-around mild mannered, wonderful Mastiff, Sassy, however, is not the best mother toward her puppies. She is not rejecting them; she will nurse them when a human places them on her to feed, however she will not clean the pups or pay any attention to them. It is as if they are not her puppies. This litter is getting mom’s milk with major human interaction, manually giving each and every pup what they need. In return, the pups will be super socialized and will make remarkable pets, however the work involved is astounding. It takes one dedicated breeder to keep this situation healthy. Thankfully this litter has just that. Read the links below to get the full story. The pages within include a wealth of information that everyone can appreciate and benefit from.

C-Section in a Large Breed Dog

Newborn Puppies... What you need

Whelping and Raising Large Breed Puppies: 1 to 3 Days Old

Things do not always go as planned (imperforate anus)

Orphaned Litter of Pups (not the plan)

Raising Puppies 10 Days Old Plus +

Raising Puppies 3 Week Old Puppies

Raising Puppies 3 Weeks - time to start potty training

Raising Puppies 4 weeks old

Raising Puppies 5 weeks old

Raising Puppies 6 weeks old

Raising Puppies 7 weeks old

Socializing the Puppies

Mastitis in Dogs

Whelping and Raising Large Breed Dogs Main

Whelping and Raising Puppies, a new found respect




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