Give your dam a nice bath. She will likely spend the entire day in the box. You may have to feed her in the box, as some dams just don't want to come out. Keep her in a back room, in a nice and quiet area where she won’t be disturbed.
This is a sign of a content litter. They are spread out, so this means they are warm enough. They are not crying, so their tummies are full. This is good.
The dam is content and happy, sleeping while her puppies nurse.
One-day-old nursing puppies
When tails go up and wag, they are nursing contently.
Even if you do not give your dam a full bath, give her a butt bath and clean the vulva and anus area. The pups will often latch on to her vulva so you want her to be clean in those areas.
Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese
Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs. You can find more whelping information in the links above. The links below tell the story of Sassy, an English Mastiff. Sassy has a wonderful temperament. She loves humans and adores children. An all-around mild mannered, wonderful Mastiff, Sassy, however, is not the best mother toward her puppies. She is not rejecting them; she will nurse them when a human places them on her to feed, however she will not clean the pups or pay any attention to them. It is as if they are not her puppies. This litter is getting mom’s milk with major human interaction, manually giving each and every pup what they need. In return, the pups will be super socialized and will make remarkable pets, however the work involved is astounding. It takes one dedicated breeder to keep this situation healthy. Thankfully this litter has just that. Read the links below to get the full story. The pages within include a wealth of information that everyone can appreciate and benefit from.