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Whelping and Raising Puppies

Dam, Day 62


Whelping Puppies

Pictured are a pup and a placenta. Placentas either come out with the pup, or they can be retained and delivered with next contraction, or sometimes not till the next puppy and sometimes not at all. It is important to count the placentas to ensure one placenta comes out per pup. If they do not all come out, it is important to tell your vet.

Whelping Puppies Whelping Puppies Whelping Puppies

Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

Whelping Puppies

Pups at three days old

Whelping Puppies

Emily is in LOVE...


Keeping the pups clean and warm

We touch pups as they come out of the birth canal, and every day thereafter, every couple of hours. Depending on the breed, 90% of breeds let you touch their babies, but no one else. Everything is sterilized; you cut the cord with sterilized scissors, clamp with sterile hemostats. Always use hand sanitizer or wash with warm soapy water.

Preemie puppies have to be kept very, very warm, and then never allow them to go below their birth weight, supplementing them either with a dropper, bottle or tubing them. And a very good scale that weighs to the ounce is the only way to keep them alive, feeding them a little every hour. It is hard to avoid pre-labor, except to not allow any jumping or rough play, long walks or stress.

As the pups come out, warm them, and never let them get chilly. You'd be surprised by how warm they need to be kept.

Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs. You can find more whelping information in the links above. The links below tell the story of Sassy, an English Mastiff. Sassy has a wonderful temperament. She loves humans and adores children. An all-around mild mannered, wonderful Mastiff, Sassy, however, is not the best mother toward her puppies. She is not rejecting them; she will nurse them when a human places them on her to feed, however she will not clean the pups or pay any attention to them. It is as if they are not her puppies. This litter is getting mom’s milk with major human interaction, manually giving each and every pup what they need. In return, the pups will be super socialized and will make remarkable pets, however the work involved is astounding. It takes one dedicated breeder to keep this situation healthy. Thankfully this litter has just that. Read the links below to get the full story. The pages within include a wealth of information that everyone can appreciate and benefit from.



Whelping: Close-to-Textbook Case