The words Dog Breed Info with the letter D inside of a black paw print

Chongqing Dog

Information and Pictures

Two thick, muscular, wide-chested, larged headed dogs with slanty eyes and big tongues that have black spots on them sitting and standing next to a man

Chongqing Dogs—Courtesy of Markus Monroe from Bamboo Tail Kennel

Other Names
  • Chinese Chongqing Dog
Pronunciation

chong-ching

Description

The Chongqing Dog is a medium sized dog with a deep red/mahogany (orange) color and a black muzzle. It has a thin, short, harsh coat that is about 3cm in length. The muscular body has a square build with great strength. Its ears are erect. The jaw should be set square. The teeth should meet in a scissor bite or be slightly undershot. Undershot bites more than 5 mm are undesirable. The teeth should not be visible when the mouth is closed in a natural position. The tongue can be blue, dark blue or with spots (blue points). The muzzle should be as broad and powerful as possible. The dark mask is confined to the muzzle and must be in sharp contrast to the colour of the head. The skull is flat between ears and square on top. There are natural wrinkles on top of the head. The stop is well defined. The forehead forms a distinct stop at the bridge of nose. Slightly loose with fine wrinkles without excess on the skull. The muzzle is strong, square and noticeably shorter than the skull. Broad from root to tip of the nose, not snipy, with moderately obvious folds. The line of the muzzle forms a very obtuse angle upwards. The cheeks are prominent, due to the strong development of the muscle. The length of the skull and the length of the muzzle are approximately 2: 1. The height to the elbow is about half the height at the withers. The female can be slightly longer than the males. Males should be muscular and well defined, whereas females tend to be more streamlined with an air of femininity.

Temperament

The Chongqing Dog is noble, alert, intelligent, brave, loyal and dignified. It is good with respectful children, but can be aloof with dogs it is not familiar with. Proper leadership and canine to human communication will resolve this. Socialize this working breed well as a puppy with other dogs and non-canine pets. The Chongqing Dog is fearless, powerful and muscular, tough and agile. They are natural non-canine pets. The Chongqing Dog is fearless, powerful and muscular. They are natural guard dogs with high drive but are not suitable for competitive or police bite work. If its owner is not with it and a stranger approaches, the Chongqing Dog will heighten watchfulness and make its presence known. If its owner is present, and it sees the stranger is friendly, it will drop its guard even if the owners leave. They are independent and can be a little standoffish with strangers at first but are extremely devoted to their family. Since the Chongqing Dog is an evolutionary breed and not “manmade,” their natural instincts are extremely keen and require a dominant owner that isn’t heavy-handed. They do best with an owner who is calm, but firm, confident and consistent with the rules.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 15 - 18 inches (40 - 45 cm) Females 14 - 16 inches (35 - 40 cm)

Weight: Males 44 - 54 pounds (20 - 25 kg) Females 33 - 44 (15 - 20 kg)

Health Problems

Because the dog's coat is very short and sparse, some Chongqing Dogs can develop skin problems, but it is not common in this breed. A premium diet, preferably human grade, will significantly reduce the chance of skin problems. Natural selection has successfully eliminated undesirable traits in the breed. Furthermore, there has been no inbreeding among the Chongqing Dog. Therefore, no known major health problems exist in the Chongqing Dog.

Living Conditions

The Chongqing Dog will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised, but it isn’t ideal. Breeders in the U.S. usually won’t sell to anyone living in an apartment. This is a dog of medium size; it does not need a large space, but it does need regular exercise and loves a nice, grassy yard. The Chongqing Dog tends to prefer quieter moments when at home with its family and will not do well in a “rowdy” household.

Exercise

This breed needs at least 30 minutes of vigorous exercise a day. They make good jogging and hiking companions or at least need to have a daily, brisk, long walk. Whether you are walking or jogging it is important that the dog is made to heel beside or behind the human holding the lead. Never in front, as instinct tells a dog the leader leads the way, and that leader needs to be the human. The Chongqing Dog is a natural hunter and should never be allowed to roam without supervision.

Life Expectancy

About 10-12 years.

Litter Size

About 3 to 6 puppies

Grooming

This breed does not require a lot of grooming. Bathe only when necessary.

Origin

The Chongqing Dog originated from the ancient Chinese Chongqing Dog, an old, unique breed, thought to have been in existence since the Han Dynasty in China. The origin of this breed is Chongqing, located in the southwestern region of China.

The Chinese Chongqing Dog was divided into two breeds: the Chongqing Dog and the Chuandong Hound. The two breeds have the same ancestors and both are commonly called Chongqing dogs.

The Chongqing Dog looks more bully and is a molosser breed. It has a shorter muzzle, rounder head and a flat, wide skull shape. The breed is seeking FCI classification group 2.

Whereas the Chuandong Hound has a longer muzzle and is a scenthound used in the mountains for hunting. It is seeking FCI classification group 6.

Chongqing Dogs are used for protection of the home; they are good working dogs and family companions. Few people know the breed in the world. It is even rare in China.

Group

Companion Dog, Utility Dog

Recognition
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CCDBC = Chinese Chongqing Dog Breeding Center
  • CCDC - ChineseChongqing Dog Club (of China)
  • CKCA = Chongqing Kennel Club of America
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Federation Cynologique Internationale, Group 2
On the left is a carved ancient artifact and on the right is a head shot of a Chongqing dog from today

This comparison shows the Chongqing Dog breed then and now. On the left an ancient artifact and on the right, a dog from today.

Two thick, muscular, short haired, larged headed dogs with slanty eyes and big tongues that have black spots on them standing outside in grass

Chongqing Dogs—Courtesy of Markus Monroe from Bamboo Tail Kennel

Two men, one standing and one kneeling next to a medium-sized, thick bodied, muscular dog in front of a blue back drop on a red floor at a dog show

Chongqing Dog at a dog show—Courtesy of Markus Monroe from Bamboo Tail Kennel

A man posing a dog in a stack pose in front of a red backdrop at an FCI dog show

Chongqing Dog at a dog show—Courtesy of Markus Monroe from Bamboo Tail Kennel

A reddish brown, short coated dog with wrinkles, a black muzzle, dark eyes, a pushed back face and ears that stand up with a thick teal blue collar on

The first Chongqing dog Kennel in Europe, FCI Certificated, Bamboo tail Kennel

Close-up, side view head shot of a wrinkly faced, red, brown and black dog with a pushed back face and pirck ears that stand up to a poit wearing a gold chain collar

The first Chongqing dog Kennel in Europe, FCI Certificated, Bamboo tail Kennel

Front side view of a reddish-brown dog with a very short coat and a thick based tail that tapers to a point with a wide forehead and a wrinkly snout standing outside in grass

Chongqing Dog—Courtesy of Markus Monroe from Bamboo Tail Kennel

A brown, wrinkly puppy with hanging extra skin, slanty eyes and small ears that stand up to a point being held up in the air by a person outside in a yard

Chongqing Dog puppy—Courtesy of Markus Monroe from Bamboo Tail Kennel

A small, thick-bodied puppy with lots of wrinkles all over her face with droopy eyes and small ears that stand up to a point with her front paws over the back of the top of a wicker basket handle outside

Chongqing Dog puppy—Courtesy of Markus Monroe from Bamboo Tail Kennel

A wide, thick chested puppy full of wrinkles wearing a chain link collar sitting down looking towards the left

Chongqing Dog puppy—Courtesy of Markus Monroe from Bamboo Tail Kennel