The words Dog Breed Info with the letter D inside of a black paw print

The Purebred Dogue de Bordeaux

Information and Pictures

Roxy and Tonka Toy Rhys the Dogue de Bordeauxs are laying outside in a yard and there is a small brick wall behind them

Dogues de Bordeaux—female: Red Autumn Roxy (Roxy), 2½yrs, 119 lb., "family instigator" male: Tonka Toy Rhys (Reese), 2 yrs, 128 lb., "gullible and protective to his family"

Other Names
  • French Mastiff
  • Bordeaux Bulldog



The Dogue de Bordeaux, also called the French Mastiff and sometimes called the Bordeaux Bulldog, is a relatively short, stocky mastiff. The wrinkled head is massive, heavy and broad. Males can have a head circumference of 27-30 inches (68-75cm). The muzzle is somewhat short (1/3 the total length of the head), wide, powerful and thick, with a pronounced stop. The nose is large with wide-open nostrils; color depends on the mask of the dog. The teeth meet in an under-bite. The upper lips hang thickly down over the lower jaw. The thick skin on the neck is loose, forming a noticeable dewlap. The eyes are hazel to dark brown, depending on the color of the dog, and are set wide apart. The ears are small, hanging down, in proportion to the dog and are darker in color. The tail is thick at the base, tapering to a point. The chest is deep, broad, reaching lower than the elbows. The legs are muscular. The coat is short and soft with loose fitting skin. Coat colors include various shades of fawn to mahogany with a darker red or black mask around and under the nose including the lips and eye rims. There are sometimes white markings on the chest and tips of the toes.


The Bordeaux has a good and calm temperament. It is extremely loyal, patient and devoted to his family. Fearless and confrontational with strangers, he is a first class watch and guard dog. Socialize very well with other animals, preferably starting from an early age to avoid him being aggressive with other dogs. The Dogue de Bordeaux snores and drools. Despite his fearsome appearance, the Dogue de Bordeaux is gentle with children and family members. However, this is a powerful animal, and is not suitable for an inexperienced dog owner. The objective in training this dog is to achieve pack leader status. It is a natural instinct for a dog to have an order in its pack. When we humans live with dogs, we become their pack. The entire pack cooperates under a single leader. Lines are clearly defined and rules are set. You and all other humans MUST be higher up in the order than the dog. That is the only way your relationship can be a success. This breed needs a calm, but firm owner who displays a natural authority over the dog. One who is confident and consistent.

Height, Weight

Height: 23 - 30 inches (58 - 75 cm)
Weight: 120 - 145 pounds (54.4 - 65.2 kg)

Health Problems

Most are healthy, but the breed can be prone to hip dysplasia. There are also cases of epilepsy, heart problems and hyperkeratosis. Dams often have to have cesareans.

Living Conditions

This breed will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They are very inactive indoors and will do okay without a yard.


Needs lots of exercise. They need to be taken on a daily, long walk. Dogs that lack in mental and/or physical exercise can develop behavior issues.

Life Expectancy

About 5-8 years.

Litter Size

About 4 to 6 puppies


Very little is needed. This breed is an average shedder.


There are numerous theories about the origin of the Dogue de Bordeaux. It may be descended from the Bulldog, Tibetan Mastiff and from the Greek and Roman Molossus, from mastiffs brought to Europe by the Alans, from the dogs of Aquitaine or from Spanish dogs from Burgos. At the end of the Middle Ages, the Dogue was used as a cattle driver and personal bodyguard. Lots of Dogues died during the French Revolution. After the war number rose again. Raymond Triquet and his French Dogue de Bordeaux Club saved the breed. The Dogue de Bordeaux is now thoroughly established in France and gaining popularity in other countries. The breed has served as a war dog, flock guardian, cattle herder, guard dog, trained to bait bulls, bears, and jaguars, and as a hunter of boars. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 2008.



  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
An extra large orange colored mastiff dog with a lot of extra skin, wrinkles and a pushed back face with yellow eyes laying down in a driveway with a second large mastiff dog walking behind him.

Mr. Banks the Dogues de Bordeaux

Two large Dogues de Bordeaux dogs sitting and laying in front of a skinny tree and a wooden fence

Reese and Roxy the Dogues de Bordeaux at about 2 years old

Ti Amo de Dame Midnight the giant Dogue de Bordeaux dog is sitting on leaves with a person and a body of water behind it. The dog is orange with a little bit of white on it's chest.

Ti Amo de Dame Midnight aka Meeko, photo courtesy of Kennel Hall of Fame

Otto the Dogue de Bordeaux puppy is sitting on a porch with mud all over his face, belly and paws.

Otto the Dogue de Bordeaux at 6 months old after playing in the mud.

A little girl is standing next to a sitting Razz the Dogue de Bordeaux. There is a red swing  and a house behind them. The dog looks larger than the child.

Razz the Dogue de Bordeaux at 3 years old with Mathilde—"I am a 170 lb French Mastiff and I love Mathilde. She likes to walk me,divalthough she could ride me if she wanted."

Chevelle the Dogue de Bordeaux Puppy is laying under a bush

Australian Champion Runderkraal - Chevelle at 12 weeks, photo courtesy of Chienparadis Kennels

Chevelle the Dogue de Bordeaux is standing in front of a yellow and red umbrella with the word - PAL - on it. His mouth is open with his tongue out and he looks hot.

And this is her at 16 months. Look how much she grew! Photo courtesy of Chienparadis Kennels

Tars Tarkas the Dogue De Bordeaux is sitting next to a lady in a red chair who is petting his face

"This is Tars Tarkas, my 15-month-old male Dogue de Bordeaux on his volunteer therapy visit to our local senior’s home. Tarkas became a Certified Therapy Dog at age 1 year and 10 days. His so gentle and loving nature makes him a wonderful therapy dog."

Two Dogue De Bordeaux are laying and sitting on mulch in front of a sky backdrop with evergreen arborvitae trees behind them

"This is a photo of my 2 male Dogue De Bordeaux's. They are both Certified Therapy Dogs with IWC Certification."

Max the Dogue de Bordeaux is laying on a white window sill with white broken blinds above his head.

Max the Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff) at 6 years old

See more examples of the Dogue de Bordeaux