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Common Hazards to Dogs and Puppies

This page contains foods, common household products and other everyday things humans come into contact with that can be toxic and even fatal to dogs and puppies. If you know of anything that you feel should be added to this page please contact us with your suggestion.

 
 

Homemade Playdough (toxic)

Homemade playdough consists of flour, water and salt. Dogs may enjoy the salty taste, however it can cause salt toxicity, which can be fatal. When a large amount of salt is ingested, the sodium diffuses throughout the body. When the sodium reaches the brain and central nervous system, water builds up and tissues swell. As the brain swells, pressure builds up, resulting in severe neurological disorders. As the pressure builds, it causes seizures, coma and death. There is no antidote for salt toxicity. In some mild cases, where less salt is ingested, the dog may survive, however, if the dog eats enough, it is fatal.

"Most dogs probably won't eat it but mine did and we had to put her down. Recipes for playdough contain a lot of salt, usually 1/2 cup, and I learned firsthand that this can be lethal. In our ignorance, we thought nothing of her eating the playdough, but her sodium levels were soon so high that she went into seizures and by the time we got her to the vet, our best option was to euthanize her, as she was suffering brain damage due to swelling of her brain."

 

Black Locust Tree

The seed from the black locust tree is poisonous to dogs and humans if ingested. The seeds come in pods that look like black banana pods. The seeds themselves are very hard, but look like oversized milk duds. They fall from the tree at certain times of year and that is when it is hazardous. The side effects may include vomiting and neurological effects which prevent the dog from being able to walk. Also loss of appetite.

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Antifreeze

Antifreeze is perhaps the number-one hazard to a dog. Less than one tablespoon of anti-freeze could be lethal to a 20-pound dog. Antifreeze smells sweet and is very deadly. If the antidote isn't given within 24 hours, the dog is likely to die. When storing your antifreeze, keep it well out of reach. Check under your car from time to time to make sure it is not leaking on to the ground. Your dog will smell the sweet smell and may lick it up. You may want to use a new, less toxic antifreeze. It's still poisonous, but not as much as the traditional kind.

 

Garden Hazards

For dogs, gardens and lawns offer a virtual smorgasbord of smells, and too often, tastes. More than a few plants, given a nibble or two, can turn your dog a little green. Most just cause an upset stomach, but some can be deadly.  Make sure they are out of reach of your dog.

Almonds
Amaryllis leaves and flowers
Apricots
Autumn crocus bulbs
Azalea stems and leaves
Birds of paradise stems
Black-eyed Susan
Bleeding heart flowers and stems
Boxwood Bark, stems and leaves
Buttercup
Castor bean seeds (very toxic)
Cherry laurel wood and branches (very toxic)
Chinaberry tree wood and branches
Clematis stems and leaves
Daffodil bulbs

Day Lilies
Delphinium plants
Dumb cane leaves (very dangerous)
English ivy fruit
Flowers bulbs of any kind
Foxglove stems and flowers
Holly berries

Kalanchoe
Jack-in-the-pulpit

Jasmine leaves
Jerusalem cherry leaves and flowers
Jimsonweed or thorn apple (very dangerous)
Larkspur stems
Laburnum bark, flowers, seeds and leaves
Lily of the valley leaves and flowers
Locoweed
Lupine stems and flowers
Mistletoe berries (very poisonous)
Mountain laurel
Mushrooms—any that you cannot identify as safe
Oleander bark, stems and leaves (very dangerous)
Peaches

Philodendron 
Pokeweed
Potatoes

Potato Bush
Privet bush stems and leaves
Rhododendron leaves

Rhubarb leaves
Skunk cabbage leaves and flowers
Tiger Lilies
Tomatoes vines
Virginia creeper bark and stems
Wandering Jew

Wisteria bark and leaves
Yew bark, needles and seeds (very dangerous)
   
   

 

Chocolate and Caffeine

Chocolate is another common canine hazard. Although it may be your favorite thing to eat, it can be very dangerous for your pet. Chocolate contains caffeine and a related stimulant called theobromine, which can make your dog seriously ill. Both of these stimulants can raise your dog’s heart rate, occasionally to the point of being fatal. Chocolate should be thought of as a poison to dogs.

The effect it has on your dog depends both on its size and the amount of chocolate the dog consumed. The smaller the dog, the less chocolate it needs to eat in order to overdose.

With baking chocolate, half to one ounce can cause death in small dogs such as Toy Poodles, Yorkies, Westies, and Chihuahuas. In medium sized dogs, such as Cocker Spaniels and Beagles, the amount is two or three ounces. In large dogs, such as the Golden Retriever and Dalmatian the amount is eight ounces.

With milk chocolate, four to ten ounces can cause death in toy dogs, one to one and a half pounds in medium-sized dogs; and two to four and a half pounds in large dogs.

A small amount may not cause death but it can make them very ill. Fortunately, most dogs that overdose on chocolate just get an upset stomach with perhaps vomiting and diarrhea.

 

 

Sugar-Free Products

Sugar-free products which contain the ingredient Xylitol. Xylitol is a sugar alcohol which is sometimes used in sugar-free gum, candy, chewable vitamins, throat lozenges, pharmaceuticals and oral health products. We are discovering it is not very good for humans either, however it is even worse for dogs. In dogs the product quickly lowers blood sugar levels and can cause severe liver damage in a 24-hour period of time. Three grams of Xylitol can kill a 65-pound dog. That is about 8 to 12 sticks of gum in a medium to large breed dog and about 2 to 5 sticks in a smaller dog.

 

Bones

Splintering bones such as fish, chicken, turkey and pork can be very hazardous to dogs. Fragments of the bones can get stuck in the dog's intestines and throat causing damage or even death. When a dog is given any type of real bone including a cow leg, supervision is always recommended as pieces of the bone can splinter off. Be sure to take away any small pieces so they are not swallowed.

 

 

Holiday Hazards

Around the holidays you need to be especially careful. Mistletoe is extremely poisonous. Tinsel can be dangerous for your dog if he decides to eat it. You have to watch those thin glass Christmas balls too. Also beware of Styrofoam. Styrofoam will not digest and may get stuck in the intestines. Visit our Holiday First Aid page.

 

Pain Relievers

Dogs can also be poisoned by Advil®, Motrin® (Ibuprofen) and Tylenol® (Acetaminophen). Aspirin cannot be given on a long-term basis because of its blood thinning properties.  Do not give your dog human painkillers without consulting your veterinarian first.

 

Foods

List of foods which can be toxic to dogs. Some of the foods can actually be good for humans. These foods should be avoided and not fed to dogs. If you know of more foods that should be added to this list please contact us.

Macadamia nuts

Alcoholic beverages

Avocados

Bones (chicken and turkey)

Caffeinated tea

Chocolate

Cow milk

Garlic

Grapes and Raisins

Greasy fried foods

Macadamia nuts

Moldy or spoiled foods

Mushrooms (certain types of wild mushrooms can be toxic to dogs)

Onions

Salt

Tomatoes and tomato plants

Yeast dough

Xylitol (products containing this sweetener)

Also

Cigarettes and other nicotine products

 

Reported by owners

 

 

Home brewing beer - Hops

With a growing interest in home brewing beer it needs to be more known that hops are extremely toxic to dogs. We composed our hops and lost our beautiful chocolate Lab when she dug into the bin to get to the sweet-smelling hops.

 

 

     

You may also be interested in...

     

 

Grape and Raisin Poisonings in Dogs

Wasp and Bee Stings Can be Deadly

Understanding Dog Behavior

 

 

   
   

 

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