Whelping and Raising Puppies
Pregnant dams spend a lot of their time in the last week stretched out, in order to get those puppies into position.
It is wise to x-ray the dam the day or two before delivery. It is a great tool not only to show you how many, but also the sizes and positions of the pups. This x-ray was taken three days before the puppies were born.
This x-ray was taken the day before the puppies were born. You can see the one pup engaging in the birth canal. She is within 24 hours of delivery.
X-ray showing three puppies.
X-ray showing four puppies.
If you x-ray at days 55/56/57 then you will be able to see heads, spines, ribs and legs. Count the heads first, and then find a spine to go with each head. This x-ray shows six pups for sure, all of the same size, nothing to cause concern. There could be seven pups, with a possibility of eight. See below picture to help find the puppies
This picture outlines the puppies that can be seen for sure.
This picture shows a worrisome outcome. One of the puppies appears to be dead and is blocking the birth canal. A c-section will have to be performed.
A pregnant dog on day 58 in her new maternity haircut. I always shave them up clean. They will shed the hair, but this is nicer for them; you can really see the pups moving, and the nipples are nice and clean and ready... no milk yet, so it won't be today, and temp is still up.
Be VERY careful you do NOT shave off a teat.
Chamby, 7.5 weeks and Keyara, 6 weeks
Pregnant miniature Fox Terrier named Zoe. In this photo she is due any moment, and is feeling every minute of it.
As the dam prepares to whelp, she will seek out a spot that SHE likes. This may not be a spot that YOU like. Many dogs have ruined rugs and beds. You should have an area set up for her a week in advance that she can get comfortable with, and know it is a safe, quiet spot. Even in doing this, the dam often will seek out her own spot. These pictures show Misty the night before her whelping, temp dropped, and puppies expected at 2 a.m. She has decided that Emily's closet will work for her. You can see her hiding on some laundry, behind the laundry basket. She is black, so hard to see. At this time, I let her stay in there for a while, as she was relaxed and comfortable, but eventually moved her to her whelping box, which she comfortably accepted. A good warning: NEVER let your dam outdoors without 100% supervision, and use a flashlight at night at this time of pregnancy. Many dogs have been known to bolt to a private outside spot to have their puppies, never to be seen again.
Day 61—She is less active, temp dropped at 10 a.m., so that could mean within 24 hours. She is staying in her box, and really stretching out to get those puppies to move down into position. And she keeps messing up her bedding, bunching it up (not digging though). SOON... Click Here to See Photos of Moca's Labor and Birth
Below are the parents of the Moca/Chester litter, which is documented on the next several photo pages. They are Havanese dogs.
Moca, dam, owned by MistyTrails Havanese
Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese
- You Want to Breed Your Dog
- Pros and Cons of Inbreeding Dogs
- Stages of Puppy Development
- Whelping and Raising Puppies: Breeding age
- Reproduction: (The Heat Cycle): Signs of Heat
- Breeding Tie
- Dog Pregnancy Calendar
- Pregnancy Guide Prenatal Care
- Pregnant Dogs
- Pregnant Dog X-Ray Pictures
- Full-Term Mucus Plug in Dog
- Whelping Puppies
- Whelping Puppy Kit
- First and Second Stage of Dog's Labor
- Third Stage of Dog's Labor
- Sometimes Things do not go as Planned
- Mother Dog Almost Dies on Day 6
- Whelping Puppies Unfortunate Troubles
- Even Good Moms Make Mistakes
- Whelping Puppies: A Green Mess
- Water (Walrus) Puppies
- C-Sections In Dogs
- C-Section Due to Large Dead Puppy
- Emergency Cesarean Section Saves Pups Lives
- Why dead puppies in utero often require c-sections
- Whelping Puppies: C-section Pictures
- Pregnant Dog Day 62
- PostPartum Dog
- Whelping and Raising Puppies: Birth to 3 weeks
- Raising Puppies: Puppy Nipple Guarding
- Pups 3 Weeks: Time to start potty training
- Raising Puppies: Pups Week 4
- Raising Puppies: Pups Week 5
- Raising Puppies: Pups Week 6
- Raising Puppies: Pups 6 to 7.5 Weeks
- Raising Puppies: Pups 8 Weeks
- Raising Puppies: Pups 8 to 12 Weeks
- Whelping and Raising Large Breed Dogs
- Mastitis in Dogs
- Mastitis In Dogs: A Toy Breed Case
- Why are Toy Breeds Harder to Train?
- Crate Training
- Showing, Genetics and Breeding
- Trying to Save a Fading Dachshund Puppy
- Whelping and Raising Puppies Stories: Three Puppies Born
- Whelping and Raising Puppies: All puppies do not always survive
- Whelping and Raising Puppies: A Midwoof Call
- Whelping and Raising a Full Term Preemie Puppy
- Whelping Small for Gestational Age Puppy
- C-Section on Dog Due to Uterine Inertia
- Eclampsia is Often Fatal for Dogs
- Hypocalcemia (low calcium) in Dogs
- SubQ hydrating a Puppy
- Whelping and Raising a Singleton Pup
- Premature Litter of Puppies
- A Premature Puppy
- Another Premature Puppy
- Pregnant Dog Absorbing Fetus
- CPR Needed to Save One Puppy
- Whelping Puppies Congenital Defects
- Puppy with Umbilical Cord Attached to Foot
- Puppy Born with Intestines on the Outside
- Gone Wrong, Vet Makes it Worse
- Dog Loses Litter and Starts to Absorb Puppies
- Whelping Puppies: Unexpected Early Delivery
- Dog whelps 5 days early due to dead pups
- Lost 1 Puppy, Saved 3
- An Abscess on a Puppy
- Dewclaw Removal Done Wrong
- Whelping and Raising Pups: Heat Pad Caution
- Whelping and Raising a Large Litter of Dogs
- Whelping and Raising Dogs While Working
- Whelping a Messy Litter of Pups
- Whelping and Raising Puppies Picture Pages
- How to Find a Good Breeder
- Pros and Cons of Inbreeding
- Hernias in Dogs
- Cleft Palate Puppies
- Saving Baby E, a Cleft Palate Puppy
- Saving a Puppy: Tube Feeding: Cleft Palate
- Ambiguous Genitalia in Dogs
Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs. You can find more whelping information in the links above. The links below tell the story of Sassy, an English Mastiff. Sassy has a wonderful temperament. She loves humans and adores children. An all-around mild mannered, wonderful Mastiff, Sassy, however, is not the best mother toward her puppies. She is not rejecting them; she will nurse them when a human places them on her to feed, however she will not clean the pups or pay any attention to them. It is as if they are not her puppies. This litter is getting mom’s milk with major human interaction, manually giving each and every pup what they need. In return, the pups will be super socialized and will make remarkable pets, however the work involved is astounding. It takes one dedicated breeder to keep this situation healthy. Thankfully this litter has just that. Read the links below to get the full story. The pages within include a wealth of information that everyone can appreciate and benefit from.
- C-Section in a Large Breed Dog
- Newborn Puppies... What you need
- Whelping and Raising Large Breed Puppies: 1 to 3 Days Old
- Things do not always go as planned (imperforate anus)
- Orphaned Litter of Pups (not the plan)
- Raising Puppies 10 Days Old Plus +
- Raising Puppies 3 Week Old Puppies
- Raising Puppies 3 Weeks - time to start potty training
- Raising Puppies 4 weeks old
- Raising Puppies 5 weeks old
- Raising Puppies 6 weeks old
- Raising Puppies 7 weeks old
- Socializing the Puppies
- Mastitis in Dogs
- Whelping and Raising Large Breed Dogs Main
- Whelping and Raising Puppies, a new found respect