Custom Search
Dog Breed Info Center(R) DBIC
Dog Breed Info Center(R)


Rescue a Collie
Collie Puppies for Sale

Rough and Smooth

Kohler the tricolor rough Collie at 6 years old



Find a Collie Breeder
Place an Ad

Rescue a Collie
List Your Rescue

Pronunciation -

The Collie is a large, lean, strong dog. The top of the skull is flat and the eyebrows are arched. The head is wedge-shaped and the muzzle is rounded, tapering to the black nose, with a slight stop. The face is chiseled. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The medium-sized eyes are almond shaped. Eye color is dark brown except for blue merles, where the eyes may be blue or be one of each color. The small ears are 3/4 erect with the tips folding forward. The neck is fairly long. The body is slightly longer than it is tall. The legs are straight. The tail is moderately long with an upward twist or swirl at the end and is carried low. There are two coat varieties, rough and smooth. The rough coat is long and abundant all over the body, but is shorter on the head and legs, and the coat forms a mane around the neck and chest. The outer coat is straight and harsh to the touch, and the undercoat is soft and tight. The smooth coat variety has a short one-inch coat all over the body. Coat colors on both the rough and smooth variety include sable and white, tricolor of black, white and tan, blue merle or predominantly white with sable, tricolor or blue merle markings.


The Collie is a highly intelligent dog. Sensitive, mild-mannered, sweet, easy to train and loyal, it is usually good with other pets and friendly with other dogs. They are natural herders; puppies may try and herd humans, and need to be taught not to do this. Faithful, playful, docile and protective of their family members and good with children, Collies have an uncanny sense of direction. They are good-natured, friendly dogs. They are energetic outdoors. Socialize them well to prevent them from becoming wary of strangers. They are not aggressive, but they do tend to be suspicious of people they sense unstable vibes from. Daily pack walks are important. Without a firm, but calm, confident and consistent owner who sets the rules and sticks to them, they can become willful, stubborn and indolent. This breed should be trained gently, but with an air of authority or he will refuse to cooperate. A clean breed, the Collie is relatively easy to housebreak. Some owners report that rough Collies do not like the water due to how heavy their coats get when wet. We have seen clips on the Internet of rough Collies swimming, however, so while a lot may not, it's never an absolute. Some smooth Collies have become successful at water rescue.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 24 - 26 inches (61 – 66 cm) Females 22 - 24 inches (56 – 61 cm)
Weight: Males 60 - 75 pounds (27 – 34 kg) Females 50 - 65 pounds (23 – 29 kg)

Health Problems

Generally healthy dogs. Some lines are prone to PRA, eye defects (Collie eye syndrome) and hip problems leading to acute lameness and arthritis. Collies may need sunblock on their nose as they are often sensitive to the sun. Some herding dogs carry a MDR1 gene which makes them sensitive to certain drugs that are otherwise okay to give another dog, but if tested positive for this gene can kill them.

Living Conditions

The Collie will dog okay in an apartment as long as it is sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors and do best with at least an average-sized yard. Sensitive to the heat. Provide plenty of shade and fresh water in warm weather.


The Collie needs plenty of exercise, which includes a daily, long walk. In addition, they would enjoy some romps off the leash in a safe area.

Life Expectancy

About 14-16 years


The stiff coat sheds dirt readily and a thorough weekly brushing will keep it in good condition. Take extra care when the soft, dense undercoat is being shed. The smooth variety has a one-inch coat and should be brushed each one to two weeks. If the long-coated variety has a BIG mat, and the dog is not being used for show, the mat may need to be cut out, as opposed to combed out, as to avoid pain to the dog. Bathe or dry shampoo as necessary. The rough Collie sheds heavily twice a year, and the smooth Collie is an average shedder.


The exact origin of the Collie is unknown, but it was descended from generations of hard-working herding dogs. For centuries the rough-coated Collie was hardly known outside Scotland. Early rough Collies were smaller, with broader heads and shorter muzzles. The dogs were used for water rescue, herders, guiding cows and sheep to market and for guarding the flock in Scotland and England. The breed's name probably comes from its charge; the Scottish black-faced sheep called the Colley. In the 1860s Queen Victoria kept Collies at Balmoral Castle in Scotland, making the dogs very popular. J.P. Morgan, along with other wealthy people, has owned Collies. In the late 1800s the Collie was mixed with the Borzoi, and all show dogs had to have the Borzoi blood for them to win in the show ring. The working dogs separated, branched out and became the different breeds (with the Scotch Collie remaining) and the show type became what we see now, the large dogs with flatter faces. The rough Collie is much more popular than the smooth Collie. The smooth Collie is more popular in Great Britain than it is in the United States, but is gaining some popularity in the States. The smooth Collie is the same as the rough Collie, but without the long coat. The AKC considers the rough and smooth Collies as variations on the same breed and they are judged by the same standard with the exception of the coat. The first Collie was presented at a dog show in 1860. The Collie was recognized by the AKC in 1885. The Collie is well known for its role in the movie "Lassie," featuring a rough-coated Collie as the main character. The Collie’s talents include herding, search and rescue, guide for the blind, agility, competitive obedience, acting in the movies, and as a guard and watchdog.


Herding, AKC Herding



CKC = Continental Kennel Club
FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
AKC = American Kennel Club
UKC = United Kennel Club
KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
NKC = National Kennel Club
NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club

APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
ACR = American Canine Registry
DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
ACA = American Canine Association Inc.

Faith, Huntingtons Charmed Again CGC the blue merle Collie at 3 years old


Adult rough Collie

Adult rough Collie

Adult rough Collie

Adult rough Collie


Buddy the rough Collie at 1 year old—"This is Buddy my one year old Rough Collie! He is a show dog. When he is in the show ring he is a very calm in serious dog, but at home he is playful and very, very energetic. His favorite things are running around in the backyard with my other dog and being in the show ring. His least favorite things are peanut butter and harnesses. He came from a Collie breeder in Wisconsin. The dogs were show bred. Buddy has not won a best in show yet but I hope that he will one day! :)"

Buddy the rough Collie at 1 year old


Sasha the rough collie at 2 years old.

"Sasha the rough Collie at 2 years old likes to pose for pictures and is such a diva!"


Dallas the tri-colored smooth Collie at 1 year old

"Dallas is a tricolored smooth Collie. His registered name is Solar's Working on a Tan. He was bred by David Schuetz of Solar Collies in Indiana. He is an extremely intelligent dog and a fantastic pet. He is all about FUN! He has a ton of personality and hilarious quirks. We love him to bits! Dallas will soon start his show dog career. He is shown here at 1 year old."

Dallas the tri-colored smooth Collie as a puppy at 4 months old

Dallas the tricolored smooth Collie as a puppy at 4 months old

Dallas the tri-colored smooth Collie at 1 year old

Dallas the tricolored smooth Collie at 1 year old

Dallas the tri-colored smooth Collie at 1 year old

Dallas the tricolored smooth Collie at 1 year old


Collie Rough and Smooth (Scottish Collie)

Malcolm at 4 years old, Int. CH Onesti Command 'N' Conquer WW-RN, WW-RA, CGC, TT, BPD, VC, CERF


Collie Rough and Smooth (Scottish Collie)

Dusty the Collie puppy at 8 weeks old

Collie Rough and Smooth (Scottish Collie)

Dusty all grown up at 2 years old

Collie Rough and Smooth (Scottish Collie)

Dusty all grown up at 3 years old





Collie Pictures 1

Collie Pictures 2

Collie Pictures 3

Collie Pictures 4




Black Tongued Dogs

Understanding Dog Behavior


Collie Dogs: Collectable Vintage Figurines

Herding Dogs



What's New on DBIC Newsletter!

* Email

About Dog Breed Info Center®
Understanding Dog Behavior
Natural Dogmanship
What does it mean to be dominant?
Successfully Adopting a Rescue Dog
Transforming a Rescue Dog
Proper way to walk a dog
Raising a Puppy
Why did my dog do that?
Speaking Dog
Small Dog Syndrome
Dominant Behaviors in Dogs
Jumping Dogs
FAQ about dogs
Alpha Boot Camp for Dogs
The Human Dog
Ready For a Dog?
Dog Bite Survey
Dog Breed Popularity Survey
Dog Breed Quizzes
List of Dog Names
Dogs Caught in the Act
Those Amazing Dogs
Dog Care Training and More
Designer Dogs? What?
Pictures of Mixed Breed Dogs
Puppies vs. the Adult Dog
Chaining Your Puppy or Dog
So, you want to breed your dog...
Feeding Puppies and Adult Dogs
Corn in Dog Food. Really?
Collectible Vintage Figurine Dogs
Success Stories & Positive Feedback


All Breeds - Purebreds - Hybrid Dogs - Understanding Dog Behavior - Raising a Puppy - Find the Perfect Dog - Dog Breed Quizzes - Pets - All Creatures - Care Training+ - Whelping Puppies - Photos - Submit a Picture - Breeders vs. Rescues - Spike the Bulldog - Maguire Farm - Scam Warning - Privacy Policy - Contact Us - Site Updates


Successfully Adopting a Rescue Dog - Adopt a Rescue Dog


DBI Advertiser Policy - Classifieds/Breeder - Puppies for Sale



Custom Search

The Material contained herein may not be reproduced without the prior written approval of the author. Contents & Graphics Copyright © Dog Breed Info Center® (C) 1998- . All Rights Reserved. Our work is not Public Domain.