The words Dog Breed Info with the letter D inside of a black paw print

The Purebred Rottweiler

Information and Pictures

A black with tan Rottweiler is laying on a carpet with a rope toy in between its front paws and to the left of it is a black with tan Rottweiler puppy. They both are looking up and there mouths are open. The dogs look happy.

Royce (left) the Rottie puppy at 5 months old with Barracuda aka 'Cuda (right) the adult Rottie at 3 1/2 years old—"'Cuda is a very tall Rottie and weighs 139 pounds. Royce weighed 115 pounds when he was 11 months old and is taller than his brother! I wish Royce was as laid back and as well behaved as 'Cuda, who goes to work with my husband every day. No leash is needed and he is extremely friendly and social. Royce, on the other hand, is a ball of energy. Absolutely wild, but friendly. He cannot sit still and loves to play with 'Cuda, who will interact willingly until Royce crosses the line and nips his ears. Never a fight between them, but Royce knows when to back off. Just hoping time and patience will settle him down. I love them both and would never own another breed!"

Other Names
  • Rottie
  • Rott
  • Rottweil Metzgerhund - Butchers Dog



The Rottweiler has a muscular, massive, powerful body. The head is broad with a rounded forehead. The muzzle is well developed. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The wide nose is black. The lips are black and the inside of the mouth is dark. The medium-sized eyes are dark and almond shaped. Some Rottweilers have been known to have blue eyes or one blue and one brown eye. This trait is not recognized in the show world and does not meet the breed’s written standard. The ears are triangular and carried forward. The tail is customarily docked. Note: docking tails is illegal in most parts of Europe. Rear dewclaws are often removed. The chest is broad and deep. The coat is short, hard and thick. It is black with rust to mahogany markings on the cheeks, muzzle, paws and legs. A red color with brown markings also exists. There is a deficiency in the hair gene that makes the coloring a lighter red.

German Rottweiler vs. American Rottweiler: some claim there are variations of Rotties, the German Rottweiler and the American Rottweiler. German Rotties are said to be shorter, stockier and have a bigger, blockier head, while American Rotties are said to be taller and leggier without as blocky a head. Others claim a Rottweiler is a Rottweiler and there is no such thing as a German Rottie. Some who have stated this argument have said, "A German Rottweiler is one born in Germany and an American Rottweiler is born in America." In any case, there are breeders breeding for the German Rottweiler look of larger and blockier, while others are breeding for the American Rottweiler look, less blocky.


The Rottie is powerful, calm, trainable, courageous and devoted to its owner and family. Loyal and protective, it will defend its family fiercely if needed, seemingly immune to pain. Serious, even-tempered, brave, confident and courageous, this breed needs an owner who is strong minded, calm, but firm and able to handle this dog’s massive size. The Rottie is a docile, natural guard dog with a laid-back, reliable temperament. It is highly intelligent and has proven its worth beyond question in police, military and customs work over many centuries and can be trained for competitive obedience. Because of its size, training should begin when the dog is a small puppy. This breed needs a lot of leadership and socialization. It will not be happy confined to a kennel or backyard. The objective in training this dog is to achieve pack leader status. It is a natural instinct for a dog to have an order in its pack. When we humans live with dogs, we become their pack. The entire pack cooperates under a single leader. Lines are clearly defined and rules are set. You and all other humans MUST be higher up in the order than the dog. That is the only way your relationship can be a success. When the Rottweiler receives consistent leadership and is trained, it will be a good playmate for the children. It will accept cats, other dogs and other household pets as long as the dog has been socialized well and has owners who assert their authority over the dog. Friends and relatives of the family are normally enthusiastically welcomed. Strangers from whom the dog senses bad intentions can get no further than the sidewalk.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 24 - 27 inches (61 - 69 cm) Females 22 - 25 inches (56 - 63 cm)

Weight: Males 95 - 130 pounds (43 - 59 kg) Females 85 - 115 pounds (38 - 52 kg)

Health Problems

This breed is susceptible to ACL damage. Prone to hip dysplasia. Also prone to entropion (narrowing of the slit between the eyelids). Tends to snore. Can overeat easily.

Living Conditions

The Rottie will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. These dogs are relatively inactive indoors and a small yard will be sufficient.


The Rottweiler needs plenty of exercise. You can't give these robust dogs too much work or exercise; they thrive on it. They need to be taken on a daily walk or jog. Running in the woods and in open country makes them very happy and they have no desire to wander from you. Swimming or running beside a bicycle are perfect activities for this dog and it also loves retrieving a ball.

Life Expectancy

About 10-12 years

Litter Size

Large litters; often can have 10 - 12 puppies


The smooth, glossy coat is easy to groom. Brush with a firm bristle brush and bathe only when necessary. This breed is an average shedder.


The Rottweiler is probably descended from the Italian Mastiff, which accompanied the herds that the Romans brought with them when they invaded Europe. During the Middle Ages, it was used as a herder, as a guard, messenger dog, draught dog and for police work. It was bred in the German town of Rottweiler in Wurttemberg. Practically extinct in the 1800s, the breed population began a comeback in the early twentieth century due to the efforts of enthusiastic breeders centered in Stuttgart. In Germany on January 13, 1907, the DRK (Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub (German Rottweiler Club)) was established. Shortly after on April 27, 1907, the SDRK (Süddeutscher Rottweiler-Klub (South German Rottweiler Club)) was formed, which later became the IRK (International Rottweiler Club). The Rottweiler standard was then set. The breed was first recognized by the AKC in 1931. Some of the Rottweiler's talents include: tracking, herding, watchdog, guarding, search and rescue, guide dogs for the blind, police work, carting, competitive obedience and Schutzhund.


Mastiff, AKC Working

  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
  • CRC = Colonial Rottweiler Club
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • DRK= Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • IRK = International Rottweiler Club
  • KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
  • UKC = United Kennel Club
Front side view - A small black and tan Rottweiler is laying on a brick surface and there is a white hard boiled egg in front of it. Its front paw is about the same size as the egg.

Max the male Rottweiler puppy at about 7 weeks old—"This is my Rottweiler Max. He is shown here at 48 days old. He is really an obedient fellow but a bit headstrong too. He has a lots of energy so I take him for atleast 3 walks per day. In this pic he is sitting patiently for me to break the covering of that hard boiled egg, because he can't do it on his own lol. I just love him."

Front side view - A black and tan Rottweiler is standing in grass and it is looking forward. Its mouth is open and tongue is out. The dog looks happy.

Bear, a male Rottie at 1 year old standing out in the yard.

Front side view - A black and tan Rottweiler puppy is sitting on a brick surface in front of stone steps.

Mila the Rottweiler puppy at 5 months old

A black and tan Rottweiler puppy is walking across a concrete surface and it is looking to the right. It is holding its head low and level with its body.

Mila the Rottweiler puppy at 5 months old

Right Profile - A black and tan Rottweiler is standing in grass, it is looking to the right and it is panting. The dog's tail is cut very short so you can hardly see it.

Eyk Vom Wendehammer SchHi ZTP, photo courtesy of GLI Antichi Molossi Italy

Top down view of a black with tan Rottweiler wearing a prong collar sitting on a concrete surface. It is looking up and to the left.

Female German Rottweiler at 12 months old

Front view - A cute, thick, black and tan Rottweiler puppy is laying across patchy grass looking forward and its head is slightly tilted to the right.

"This is my little muscle man, Chaos. He is 3 months old and a well-balanced little dude. He loves to spend his time playing with my other dog and it sure tires him out. His cute little quirk is that he completely lies down to eat. Talk about saving energy :) He's a great addition to the family and I can't wait to show him the ropes so he can grow up to be a great breed advocate!"

See more examples of the Rottweiler