Dog Breed Info Center(R) DBIC

Weimaraner

Shorthaired and Longhaired

Information and Pictures

The front left side of a dark gray Weimaraner that is standing across a dirt surface and it is looking to the left. The dog is wearing a green prong collar and has large soft ears that hang down to the sides.

Udo the Weimaraner at 2 1/2 years old

Other Names
  • Weimaraner Vorstehhund
  • Grey Ghost
  • Gray Ghost
  • Weim
  • Weimer Pointer
Pronunciation

vy-muh-RAH-nuhr

Description

The Weimaraner is a moderately large, athletic, working dog. The medium-sized head has a moderate stop with a medial line going down the forehead. The nose is gray and the teeth meet in a scissors bite. The somewhat wide-set eyes come in shades of light amber, gray or blue-gray. The high-set ears are long and pendant, folded forward and hanging down along the sides of the head. The front legs are straight with webbed, compact feet. The toenails are gray or amber in color. The tail is customarily docked to 1 ½ inches (4 cm) when the dog is two days old. Note: docking tails is illegal in most parts of Europe. Dewclaws are usually removed. The topline slopes gently downward from the shoulders to the rump. The short, smooth coat is tight against the whole body and comes in shades of mouse-gray to silver-gray, blending with darker shades on the body and lighter shades on the head and ears. It also comes in a rarer longhaired variety (FCI Group 7). All shades of gray are accepted. There is sometimes a small white marking on the chest.

Temperament

The Weimaraner is happy, loving, intelligent, cheerful and affectionate. It is good with children. Without the proper exercise it will be very rambunctious and difficult to control. This breed learns quickly but will get bored if the training is the same thing over and over again. This breed needs firm, experienced training starting at puppyhood, with an owner who understands how to be a dog's pack leader, or it can become stubborn and willful. Without this proper leadership, it can become combative with other dogs. This hunting dog has a strong prey instinct and should not be trusted with small non-canine animals such as hamsters, rabbits and guinea pigs. Socialized well with people, places, things and other animals. Brave, protective and loyal, the Weimaraner makes a good guard and watchdog. Weimaraners absolutely crave leadership. They want to know what is expected of them and for how long. If this is not made consistently clear, they will not be stable minded, may be stressed, possibly developing separation anxiety, becoming destructive and restless. Owners should not be harsh, but calm with a natural air of authority to their demeanor. These things are instinctually essential to having a happy, behaved, balanced dog. Give your Weim plenty of extensive exercise, or he will become very restless and over-excited. Because this breed is so full of energy, the first thing it needs to learn is sit. This will help prevent jumping, as this is a strong dog and will knock over the elderly or children by accident. This breed especially should not be hit to discipline, as they become wary easily. Once they have a fear of someone/something, they look to avoid and training is difficult. They are so eager to please and motivated by reward (food or praise) that once a trick is learned, the dog will leap to repeat for praise. Although, they are often mistaken as dumb, because they have such focus, if the trick or owner’s request isn't their focus at the time, it will not occur! Spend a lot of time with short-leash walking, next to you. If left to run ahead the Weimaraner will pull like a train and start to believe it is alpha, as pack leader goes first. This breed likes to bark, and needs to be corrected if it becomes excessive. Very hardy, with a good sense of smell, and a passionate worker, the Weimaraner can be used for all kinds of hunting.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 24 - 27 inches (61 - 69 cm) Females 22 - 25 inches (56 - 63 cm)
Weight: Males 55 - 70 pounds (25 - 32 kg) Females 50 - 65 pounds (23 - 29 kg)

Health Problems

Prone to bloat; it is better to feed them two or three small meals a day rather than one large meal. Also can be prone to hip dysplasia and hypertropic osteodystrophy (excessive rapid growth). Also prone to mast cell tumors.

Living Conditions

Weimaraners will do okay in an apartment if they are sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors and will do best with at least a large yard. They are not suited to outdoor kennel life.

Exercise

These are powerful working dogs with great stamina. They need to be taken for a daily, long walk or jog. In addition, they need plenty of opportunities to run free. Do not exercise them after meals. It is best to feed a dog after a long walk, as soon as it cools down.

Life Expectancy

About 10-14 years

Litter Size

About 6 to 8 puppies

Grooming

The smooth, shorthaired coat is easy to keep in peak condition. Brush with a firm bristle brush, and dry shampoo occasionally. Bathe in mild soap only when necessary. A rub over with a chamois will make the coat gleam. Inspect the feet and mouth for damage after work or exercise sessions. Keep the nails trimmed. This breed is an average shedder.

Origin

The breed is several centuries old, is derived from the same selective stock as other German hunting breeds and is a descendant of the Bloodhound. The Weimaraner is a good all-around hunting dog and an excellent pointer. It was originally used as a big-game hunter for bear, deer and wolves, but is used more today as a birddog and even a water retriever. A Weimaraner appeared in a Van Dyck painting from the early 1600s. Howard Knight, who founded the first American Weimaraner breed club, imported the dogs to the United States in 1929. The popular children's TV show Sesame Street has been known to plays skits with this breed dressed up in human clothes. The Weimaraner was first recognized by the AKC in 1943. Some of its talents include: hunting, tracking, retrieving, pointing, watchdog, guarding, police work, service for the disabled, search and rescue and agility.

Group

Gun Dog, AKC Sporting

Recognition
  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
  • UKC = United Kennel Club
The front right side of a gray Weimaraner dog that is standing across a field. It is in a submissive stance with its head and tail being held low. It has large wide soft ears that hang down to the sides and a docked tail.

Bodie the Weimaraner at 3 1/2 years old—"Bodie is a 3½–year-old Weimaraner. He is very sweet, yet very protective. He is an active boy and he loves to run and play ball. He is a great agility dog. He is very smart. He once got up on the counter and opened the Pop Tarts box and opened the wrappers just like a human. I am not saying that is good, but that is smart. He also loves to sleep in the bed with me. When he is not sleeping he is outside. He loves to eat as well. I put the bowl out and he eats all very quickly. He is a love bug and a great friend."

The left side of a Weimaraner dog that is in a show dog stance on top of a table and there is a person in a red jacket standing behind it.

Mystic Hollow Weimaraners, Alberta, Canada

The right side of a long coated gray Weimaraner dog standing across a field with medium sized grass. Its mouth is open and tongue is sticking out. It has longer fringe hair on its tail, back of its legs and ears. It has a gray nose and the dog looks relaxed and happy.

"Panu zum Laubwald is a longhaired Weimaraner bred by Dr. Hans Schmidt of Germany. I call him Piezl because of his initials, PZL."

Front view - A large pawed, gray Weimaraner puppy is sitting on top of a gray backdrop, it is looking forward and its head is slightly tilted to the left. It has long soft drop ears, a brown nose and extra skin dropping down its neck and around its chest area. The dog has silver colored eyes.

"This is our Weimaraner at 2 1/2 months old. His name is Charlie! He has a very good temperament. He is extremely smart, great with people, cats, dogs and is a momma's boy! Hey absolutely loves playing with our 10-month-old cat. Charlie will lie on his back with his feet up in the air and let the cat pounce, play and roughhouse on his stomach, head and ears. Charlie mimics what the cat does, too. Charlie will paw at the cat's face and body, just like cats paw at floor model balls on a tall spring. It is very funny and cute to watch.

"Charlie likes pretty much anything that he can play with such as...regular dog toys, cats, paper towel rolls, plastic cups, rubber rings and especially butcher quality beef bones and ribs. Those are his favorite!

"There isn't much that Charlie doesn't like. However, he isn't too fond of being in his crate (we are working every day to get him used to it). He is a puppy still and as for all puppies, the one thing they don't like to hear is "no"!!! Ha! He knows what it means and 95% of the time he obeys. Every now and then he likes to push his limits, but quickly learns that he is part of the pack and not the pack leader (thanks, Cesar!).

"Good habits: He knows where to go to the bathroom. That's always a plus!

"Bad habits: Every chance he gets when he is outside is loves to find rocks to chew on. He also loves wood.

"Exercise: He gets lots of it! We live on a large hobby farm with a 5-acre fenced-in yard. In addition, he gets lots of walks and loves to run!

"I believe that Charlie is making great strides every day to becoming a well-balanced dog. He's a puppy, so every day is a new learning experience, adventure and new path to becoming well balanced.

"I watch Cesar Millan aka the "Dog Whisperer." I think what he does is fascinating and wonderful. One of the many things I learn and use by watching his show is that if the human is calm/assertive your dog will have a waaaay better chance of being calm/assertive. Especially when you are trying to raise a puppy. Charlie has responded very well with me using the calm/assertive technique. He listens much better and the most important thing is that Charlie and I are much happier!"

Close up - The face of a Weimaraner dog that is standing on a carpet and its silver eyes are wide open with long soft gray ears hanging down to the sides.

Bodie the Weimaraner at 3 1/2 years old

Topdown view of a Weimaraner puppy that is wearing a red coat and it is sitting on a hardwood floor. The dog has silver-blue eyes and long wide soft ears that hang down to the sides with a gray liver collared nose.

Bodie the Weimaraner as a puppy

A Weimaraner puppy is laying on top of a blanket and laying against the back of a couch. It has wide round silver eyes and wide soft drop ears.

Bodie the Weimaraner as a puppy

Close up - A Weimaraner puppy is being held in the arms of a person wearing a white shirt. The dog has very wide soft looking ears and a liver brown nose with silver blue eyes.

Shelby

The front right side of a Weimaraner puppy that is laying across a tiled floor. The dog has wide round silver eyes and big wide drop ears.

Shelby

The left side of a Weimaraner that is searching through grass. Its tail is up and its head is down.

Photo courtesy of Bauhaus Weimaraners

A Weimaraner dog is standing outside in snow in tall brown corn stalks.

This is Fritz, owned by Bill Radtke.

The left side of a dark gray, tall Weimaraner dog that is standing in dirt and it is looking up and to the left.

Udo the Weimaraner at 2 1/2 years old

The left side of a dark gray Weimaraner dog that is standing across a dirt field at a dog park looking up.

Udo the Weimaraner at 2 1/2 years old

Understanding Dog Behavior