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English Springer Spaniel

Information and Pictures

Becham the brown and white English Springer Spaniel is sitting outside in a park and looking forward. There is a person touching the back of Becham

Becham the English Springer Spaniel at 10 months old

Other Names

Springer Spaniel

Pronunciation

Description

The English Springer Spaniel is a medium-sized, compact dog. The head is in proportion with the body. The broad skull is medium in length and flat on the top. The length of the head is about the same as the length of the neck. The muzzle is about the same length as the skull, with a moderate stop. The nose is either liver or black, depending on the dog's coat color. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The medium-sized, oval-shaped eyes are either dark hazel in liver and white dogs or dark brown in black and white dogs. The long, wide, pendant ears hang close to the cheeks and reach the nose when pulled forward. The chest is deep. The back is level with the length, about the same as the height of the dog from the ground to the withers. The front legs are straight, and the feet are compact. The tail is usually docked. Note: docking tails is illegal in most parts of Europe. The coat is medium in length with feathering over the legs, ears, cheeks and brisket. Coat color comes in liver and white, and black and white, predominantly white with black or liver markings, blue or liver roan, a tricolor pattern of black and white or liver and white with tan markings, usually found on eyebrows, cheeks, inside of the ears and under the tail. The white areas of the coat may have ticking.

Temperament

English Springers are even-tempered, gentle, friendly, and sociable dogs that make great child companions. Intelligent, skillful, willing and obedient and a quick learner. Brave, playful, energetic, pleasant and cheerful, their tails are seemingly always in motion. They are affectionate, good natured and sincere; this dog loves everyone. Springers do best when they are with people who can provide them with some kind of consistent structure where the rules are made clear. Negative issues can arise with meek owners and/or owners who do not provide daily mental and physical exercise. This can cause frustration in the dog and they may become destructive and start to bark a lot if left alone. If a Springer does not see the owners as strong authority figures they will begin to believe it is their job to take over the leadership role. If you allow this to happen the dog can become a biter in an attempt to keep the humans in line. Adolescent Springers need a lot of authoritative guidance. They are sensitive to the tone of one's voice and will not listen if they sense that they are stronger minded than their owner, however they will also not respond well to harsh discipline. Owners need to be calm, yet possess an air of natural authority. At this age they can be extra high-energy, testing and challenging the leadership position. There are two types, field lines and show lines (bench). Field types are bred for hunting and field trial work. The bench type is bred for conformation shows and has more liver or black on its coat, and the coats are longer and fuller. The field type has more white on its coat than the show type and a lot less hair. Both types are intelligent and energetic and need daily exercise, but field lines have a higher energy level and need even more exercise. The dominancy level in this breed varies even within the same litter. If you are not the type of person who can display a natural air of calm, but firm authority, then be sure to choose a pup that is more submissive. The temperament of both show and field lines vary widely, depending upon how the owners treat the dog and how much and what type of exercise they provide. They love water and may constantly get themselves wet and muddy. Usually they are good with other pets but since they are natural fowl hunters they should not be trusted with birds. They can be sometimes argumentative with other dogs if owners do not communicate clearly who is in charge.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 19 - 21 inches (48 - 56 cm) Females 18 - 20 inches (46 - 51 cm)
Weight: Males 45 - 55 pounds (20 - 25 kg) Females 40 - 50 pounds (18 - 23 kg)

Health Problems

Some English Springers are prone to hip dysplasia, PRA, which affects the eyes, PFK, a blood disorder, epilepsy, and HD. They gains weight easily; do not overfeed.

Living Conditions

They will do okay in an apartment if sufficiently exercised. English Springer Spaniels adapt well to town or city life. They are relatively inactive indoors and will do best with at least an average-sized yard.

Exercise

Springers enjoy as much exercise as you can give them. They need lots of it to be happy. They should have chances to take daily long walks or jogs where the dog is made to heel beside or behind the human, never in front, as in a dog's mind, the leader leads the way. They will also benefit from a run and play off the leash. They love to retrieve and swim. These dogs perform very well in both agility skills trials and obedience competitions.

Life Expectancy

About 12-14 years.

Litter Size

About 4 to 10 puppies

Grooming

The coat of the field-type Springer is fairly easy to maintain and regular brushing with a stiff bristle brush will keep it looking good; the show-type Springers' coat needs more attention. Both need baths and dry shampoo only when necessary, but check the ears regularly for signs of infection. Springers with longer coats will mat if not brushed often and particular attention needs to be given to the ears and the feet. If the hair is not kept shaved on the underside of the ears, it can lead to chronic ear infections. The hair on the feet needs to be trimmed to prevent burrs and foxtails from becoming imbedded. The longer coats will pick up burrs and branches and need to be combed out after outside exercise or it will mat badly. The show type Springer does not have as much coat as the American Cocker Spaniel, but it needs regular attention. This breed is a constant average shedder.

Origin

The English Springer Spaniel is the founder of all the English hunting spaniels. During the Renaissance, it was considered the ideal companion for the European hunter. Its popularity in America began in 1700. The Clumber, the Sussex, the Welsh Springer, the Field, the Irish Water, and the Cocker Spaniel all developed out of the English Springer Spaniel. Once considered the same breed as the Cocker Spaniel, the dogs were born in the same litter. The smaller dogs were the Cockers and were used to hunt woodcock. The larger dogs in the litter, the English Springers, were used to flush out and spring on the game, hence where the dog gets its name. Both size dogs were and still are good at hunting on land and water and good at work in brush, also making a fine retriever. It was not until 1902 that the Kennel Club of England recognized the English Springer Spaniel as a separate breed from the Cocker Spaniel. The English Springer Spaniel was recognized by the AKC in 1910. The English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association was formed in 1924 and field trials were held for the first time. Their talents include hunting, tracking, retrieving, watchdog, agility, competitive obedience and performing tricks.

Group

Gun Dog, AKC Sporting

Recognition

ACA = American Canine Association Inc.

ACR = American Canine Registry

AKC = American Kennel Club

ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club

APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.

CCR = Canadian Canine Registry

CKC = Canadian Kennel Club

CKC = Continental Kennel Club

DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.

FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale

KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain

NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.

NKC = National Kennel Club

NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club

UKC = United Kennel Club

Close Up - Winter Sam the black and white ticked English Springer Spaniel puppy is sitting in a baby stroler.

Winter Sam the field English Springer Spaniel as a puppy at 10 weeks old—"Winter Sam is 10 weeks old. He is a field/working Springer Spaniel and both of his parents are working gun dogs. He has been living with us for 2 weeks and is very intelligent and calm for a puppy his age. In this photo Sam is in our old push chair coming along to pick up the kids from school. As he is not fully vaccinated yet he is not allowed to walk outside but I think it is very important that he becomes accustomed to my daily routine and the places I will take him. This way he is getting socialized with the people and situations he will face when he is older. I love your website and it has been very helpful with getting started on the right foot for being the pack leader. I am especial grateful for the information about teaching the dog to respect our children."

Nigel the brown and white ticked English Springer Spaniel is standing on a concrete patio. Its mouth is open and looking to the right

Nigel the English Springer Spaniel at 4 years old

Mae the brown and white English Springer Spaniel is sitting majestically in a field and there is a line of trees behind her.

Mae the English Springer Spaniel at 5 years old—"She's a very happy and playful Springer. Loves her family, especially her new human brother. She enjoys the hunt, but without guns. In this picture she is watching a skein of geese come in for a landing."

Emily the brown and white English Springer Spaniel is sitting in front of a flower bed.

Emily the English Springer Spaniel sitting in front of the garden.

A wet Skippie the black and white English Springer Spaniel is standing under the shade of a tree in a field. Its mouth is open and tongue is out

Skippie the English Springer Spaniel at 10 years old after going for a swim—"Skippie is our family pet. He was born July 22, 2002, the same birthday as my oldest son. So we share two birthdays on the same day. He is my best friend. He and I do everything together and my kids would be lost without him. He brings all of us so much joy. For a dog that is 10 years old now you would swear he is still a puppy! He has so much energy, loves long walks and loves to run, play fetch, and absolutely LOVES chasing birds lol. That is his breed though. I have had him out for deer hunting but for retrieval purposes only."

Skippie the black and white English Springer Spaniel is all wet standing in a field. His mouth is open and tongue is out

Skippie the English Springer Spaniel at 10 years old after going for a swim

Skippie the black and white English Springer Spaniel is swimming through a body of water

Skippie the English Springer Spaniel at 10 years old swimming in the water

Skippie the black and white English Springer Spaniel has his back to the camera as he swims through a body of water.

Skippie the English Springer Spaniel at 10 years old swimming in the water

Essex Marshall the red and white ticked English Springer Spaniel is walking through a field with its head down

Essex Marshall the field English Springer Spaniel

Merlina the brown and white English Springer Spaniel is standing in a doorway and looking forward. There is a pink cup behind it

"I'm a huge fan of your site. I've been following your experiences with Bruno the puppy, congratulations with him. This is our Merlina as an 8-week-old puppy. We are raising her according to Cesar Millan's teachings, and I'm happy to say we're witnessing good results."

A pack of 8 English Springer Spaniels are standing on a porch and on a gravely surface

"Here is our English Springer Spaniel pack of eight. Bluebell, Fergie, April, Baroness, Queen-Elisabeth, Princess-Ann, Lady-DI and Prince-Charles, (Kennel vom King-Charles)."

Close Up - Baxter Bear the black and white English Springer Spaniel is laying in a blanket and on a teddy bear

Two-year-old black and white English Springer Spaniel named Baxter Bear

Harry the brown and white English Springer Spaniel is sitting on a couch and looking up

"This is Harry the English Springer Spaniel. He is 10 months old and very energetic. He likes jogging with me, and long runs in the park. He loves swimming and car rides, too."

Sadie the black and white English Springer Spaniel is laying in a field and there is a Canada Goose in its mouth

This is Sadie, playing with a wing of a Canada Goose. She was retrieving it in the yard at the age of 7 months.

Winston the brown and white English Springer Spaniel puppy is standing in a field and looking to the right

This is Winston, an English Springer Spaniel puppy at 2 months old. "He absolutely loves to play with his toys and other dogs! It's like a bundle of energy wrapped in fur!!"

Close Up - Winston the brown and white English Springer Spaniel puppy is sitting on a carpet and looking up and to the left

Winston, an English Springer Spaniel puppy at 2 months old