Custom Search
Dog Breed Info Center(R) DBIC
Dog Breed Info Center(R)



A Show Dog's Life


So you want to breed…


So you want to breed, and your dog passes conformation, temperament, health and genetic testing. First you have to find a compatible/non-related stud, with all the same background testing as your female, i.e. conformation, temperament, health, genetic testing and good non-related pedigree.


The general goal when you breed is to better the breed. That is the MAIN reason to breed.

Breeding is NOT as easy as it looks. Lack of experience can risk the life of your dam, and having puppies just so your children may witness the miracle of birth can sometimes go badly. Be prepared for anything that could happen; ask yourself: "How can I handle things if they go wrong? Is it worth it?" Most breeders do not simply follow textbook instructions when whelping a litter because whelping correctly requires experience. There is no money to be found in breeding the right way; it is a hobby and usually costs money rather than makes money.

Many unexpected costs can break your bank, it is absolutely necessary to have funds set aside in case there is trouble with your dam during her pregnancy or whelping. Twenty-five percent (25%) of dog births end up middle-of-the-night C-sections, which adds up to a $1,000 vet bill just for the whelping. Fading puppies can also cost several thousand dollars to save, and it is very possible for puppies to contract viruses such as mild Cocciadia, Giardia, and the more serious threat of Parvo. It is possible your dam will not produce milk, or make too much and end up with Mastitis. Your dam could also hemorrhage.

Not too long ago a Shih Tzu breeder asked me for advice about their toy dog. The dog was very, very pregnant and the owner was worried. Toy dogs usually have four to five puppies, with eight being a large litter. They went to the vet close to the due date, and x-rays showed many puppies, nine, maybe more. Three days before her due date the breeder was very worried that she could not go any longer. She called a couple different vets and went in to see a couple different vets and they all said to wait till she went into labor. The next morning the dam (mother dog) was having trouble breathing. Her temperature went up to 103 (temp should be 98 to 101), and had been 98.5 the night before, which means labor is soon. Even though the vet said to wait, the breeder went to the vet’s office to request assistance. The dam and all 11 puppies passed away soon after arriving at the vet’s office. That morning the doctor did everything she could to save them. This breeder had done everything correct during her mother dog's pregnancy.

Pictures taken a week before the dam passed away.

Why did she die? Her system seemed to just shut down. She just went to sleep. Either she was low on calcium, which you are not supposed to give a pregnant dog, but you need to for a large litter as you are likely going to need a cesarean anyway, or her system just could not take the pressure, and was shutting down. Or maybe she was going toxic. On delivery of the puppies, one pup of the 11 seemed to have died a few days prior, as the skin was flaky, so there is a chance of a pup dying and the dam going toxic. Breeding your dam is risky and this happened to an experienced breeder who did everything correctly. Even the three vets that were involved were shocked, as they thought nature would take care of itself and accommodate the pups. Nature did take care of this itself, in a sad, sad way.

This could have been pregnancy toxemia which happens with large litters and dogs that stop eating in the last trimester. They have low blood sugar, liver problems, and quite often the only treatment is ending the pregnancy. Even then sometimes a C-section is potentially fatal.


Here is another sad case reported. The first two pups in this litter were born dead. The third puppy was born a runt. The pups in the other horn were fine. By the look of the dead pups it is clear they had passed away a while back inside the dam. The breeder really had to feather to get this puppy out and then the rest came very fast. This pup held up the litter and risked the lives of all the pups and the dam.

The list of sad possibilities goes on and on. Are you ready for the financial and emotional burden breeding could become?






Whelping Puppies


Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese

Elite Havanese Canadian Puppy & Dog Breeders in New Brunswick & British Columbia, Canada


So You Want to Breed

Pros and Cons of Inbreeding

Stages of Puppy Development

Whelping Puppies: Breeding age

Reproduction: (The Heat Cycle): Signs of Heat

Breeding Tie

Dog Pregnancy Calendar

Pregnancy Guide Prenatal Care

Pregnant Dams

Pregnant Dam X-Ray Pictures

Full-Term Mucus Plug


Whelping Kit

First and Second Stage of Labor

Third Stage of Labor

Sometimes Things do not go as Planned

Dam Almost Dies on Day 6

Whelping Unfortunate Troubles

Whelping: A Green Mess

Water (Walrus) Puppies


C-Section Due to Large Dead Puppy

Emergency Cesarean Section Saves Lives

Whelping Puppies: C-section Pictures

Dam Day 62


Birth to 3 weeks

Puppy Nipple Guarding

Pups 3 Weeks: Time to start potty training

Pups Week 4

Pups Week 5

Pups Week 6

Pups 6 to 7.5 Weeks

Pups 8 Weeks

Pups 8 to 12 Weeks

Whelping Large Breed Dogs

Mastitis in Dogs

Mastitis In Dogs: A Toy Breed Case

Why are Toy Breeds are Harder to Train?

Crate Training

Showing, Genetics and Breeding

Trying to Save a Fading Dachshund Puppy

Whelping Stories: Three Puppies Born

Whelping: All puppies do not always survive

Whelping Puppies: A Midwoof Call

Whelping a Full Term Preemie

Whelping Small for Gestational Age Puppy

C-Section Due to Uterine Inertia

Eclampsia is Often Fatal

Hypocalcemia (low calcium)

SubQ hydrating a Puppy

Whelping a Singleton

Premature Litter

A Premature Puppy

Another Premature Puppy

Pregnant Dam Absorbing Fetus

CPR Needed to Save One Puppy

Whelping Puppies Congenital Defects

Puppy with Umbilical Cord Attached to Foot

Puppy Born with Intestines on the Outside

Gone Wrong, Vet Makes it Worse

Dam Loses Litter and Starts to Absorb Puppies

Whelping Puppies: Unexpected Early Delivery

Dam whelps 5 days early due to dead pups

Lost 1 Puppy, Saved 3

An Abscess on a Puppy

Dewclaw Removal Done Wrong

Whelping: Heat Pad Caution

Whelping a Large Litter

Whelping and Working

Whelping a Messy Litter of Pups

Whelping Puppies Picture Pages

How to Find a Good Breeder

Pros and Cons of Inbreeding

Hernias in Dogs

Cleft Palate Puppies

Saving Baby E, a Cleft Palate Puppy

Saving a Puppy: Tube Feeding: Cleft Palate


About Dog Breed Info Center®
Understanding Dog Behavior
Natural Dogmanship
What does it mean to be dominant?
Successfully Adopting a Rescue Dog
Transforming a Rescue Dog
Proper way to walk a dog
Raising a Puppy
Why did my dog do that?
Speaking Dog
Small Dog Syndrome
Dominant Behaviors in Dogs
Jumping Dogs
FAQ about dogs
Alpha Boot Camp for Dogs
The Human Dog
Ready For a Dog?
Dog Bite Survey
Dog Breed Popularity Survey
Dog Breed Quizzes
Guess Oakley's Breed(s)
Dogs Caught in the Act
Those Amazing Dogs
Dog Care Training and More
Designer Dogs? What?
Pictures of Mixed Breed Dogs
Puppies vs. the Adult Dog
Chaining Your Puppy or Dog
So, you want to breed your dog...
Feeding Puppies and Adult Dogs
Corn in Dog Food. Really?
Collectible Vintage Figurine Dogs
Success Stories & Positive Feedback


All Breeds - Purebreds - Hybrid Dogs - Understanding Dog Behavior - Raising a Puppy - Find the Perfect Dog - Dog Breed Quizzes - Pets - All Creatures - Care Training+ - Whelping Puppies - Photos - Submit a Picture - Breeders vs. Rescues - Spike the Bulldog - Maguire Farm - Scam Warning - Privacy Policy - Contact Us - Site Updates


Successfully Adopting a Rescue Dog - Adopt a Rescue Dog


DBI Advertiser Policy - Classifieds/Breeder - Puppies for Sale




Custom Search

The Material contained herein may not be reproduced without the prior written approval of the author. Contents & Graphics Copyright © Dog Breed Info Center® (C) 1998- . All Rights Reserved. Our work is not Public Domain.