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DNA Canine Breed Identification

Tia was rescued from the SPCA. Her tag at the pound stated she was a 26-pound Norwegian Elkhound mix and it almost looks like she could be purebred Elkhound, however she is on the small side, weighing 29 pounds with very small paws (she gained three pounds after being in her new home for 5 months). Norwegian Elkhounds are generally 40-60 pounds in weight. We have had a lot of different opinions as to what type of dog Tia is. A lot say Norwegian Elkhound purebred, while others agree she is an Elkhound mix due to her small size. One Keeshond breeder stated she looked like a purebred Keeshond that had her coat shaved one too many times, while others say she looks and acts like a Shiba Inu mix.

 
 

Out of pure curiosity we decided to do a canine breed identification test on Tia. But are these tests really accurate? We thought we’d find out.

A BioPet DNA Breed Identification test was purchased because it included the two most suspected breeds in its possible results, the Norwegian Elkhound and the Keeshond. The company states they are always improving their database of breeds. Here is a list of breeds the particular test we purchased was said to have identified at the time the test was given. Note: this brand of test is no longer on the market due to a patent infringement suit. There are other brands available on the market.

Afghan Hound
AiredaleTerrier
Akita
American Eskimo Dog
Australian Shepherd
Basenji
Basset Hound
Beagle
Belgian Tervuren
Bernese Mountain Dog
Bichon Frise

Border Collie
Borzoi
Boston Terrier
Boxer
Brittany
Bulldog
Bull Terrier
Chihuahua
Chinese Shar-Pei
Chow Chow
Cocker Spaniel
Collie
Dachshund
Dalmatian
Doberman Pinscher
English Setter
English Springer Spaniel
German ShepherdDog
German Shorthaired Pointer
Golden Retriever
Great Dane
Great Pyrenees
Greyhound
Irish Setter
Italian Greyhound
Keeshond
Labrador Retriever
Lhasa Apso
Maltese
Mastiff
Miniature Pinscher
Newfoundland
Norwegian Elkhound
Papillon
Parson Russell Terrier
Pekingese
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Pomeranian
Poodle
Pug
Rhodesian Ridgeback
Rottweiler
Saint Bernard
Saluki
Schnauzer
Scottish Terrier
Shetland Sheepdog
ShihTzu
Siberian Husky
Weimaraner
West Highland White Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier

One breed it was lacking was the Shiba Inu, which the Canine Heritage™ Breed Test included, however the Canine Heritage™ Breed Test did include the Norwegian Elkhound, which was what we predominantly suspected Tia was.

 

   
   

The kit included a postage-paid envelope, swab instructions, customer information card, test instructions pamphlet, and two individually wrapped cotton swabs.

The test was pretty simple. Do not allow the dog to eat at least one hour before you perform the test and do not allow the dog to chew shared bones, toys or drink from shared water dishes to avoid any cross contamination. We washed our hands before we began to be extra safe.

As instructed, we removed the polyester tipped applicator from the package and brushed the inside of the dog's cheek firmly for at least 10 seconds. They recommend you press on the outside of the dog's cheek to ensure a better collection as you swab in order to collect a good amount of cells. The longer the swabbing process, the better the chance of getting a good DNA sample. We swabbed Tia for over a minute, pressing firmly, moving the swab back and forth while spinning it a bit. We did this with both swabs, using one on the left side of her cheek and the other on the right side.

The instructions stated to allow the swabs to completely air dry for at least 30 minutes before putting them back into the paper sleeve. We carefully placed the swabs down on a clean paper towel and allowed them to air dry for over an hour to insure they were completely dry, also taking care that no one or thing touched them. The instructions stated to write the dog's name on the paper sleeve and after drying to place each swab back into its individual sleeve, which we did.

There are a lot of conflicting reviews on the Internet as to the accuracy of these dog DNA tests so we decided to do a little test of our own. We purchased an extra DNA test for Tundra, my papered purebred 125-pound Great Pyrenees. Tundra is from show lines, however is currently working as a flock guardian.

We repeated the process with Tundra, taking extra care not to let anything touch the end of the swab to avoid any cross contamination.

March 5th 2009: Tia's DNA test results came back. According to Bio Pet Vet Lab, Tia is a purebred Norwegian Elkhound.

Two days later Tundra's DNA results came back. It stated he was a purebred Great Pyrenees. The tests never asked us any questions about the dogs. They only wanted the samples and our name and address so they knew where to send the results. Conclusion, yes it does seem these DNA tests are pretty accurate.

 

 

Written by Sharon Maguire © Dog Breed Info Center ® All Rights Reserved

 

Guess Oakley's Breed(s) - Results are in!

 

 

We strongly suggest Cesar Millan DVDs and/or Cesar Millan Books to every dog owner, from Chihuahua to Pit Bull. They are excellent guides to communicating with, understanding, and controlling your dog.

 

 

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Old Dog, New Tricks

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Providing a Job Helps Dog with Issues

Teaching Dogs to Respect the Kids

Proper Human to Dog Communication

Canine Feeding Instincts

Human to Dog No-No's: Your Dog

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FAQ About Dogs

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The Submissive Dog

Bringing Home the New Human Baby

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Protecting Your Puppy from Dog Attacks

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A Senseless Death, a Misunderstood Dog

Amazing What a Little Leadership Can Do

Transforming a Rescue Dog

DNA Canine Breed Identification

Dog Bite Survey

Raising a Puppy

Stages of Puppy Development

Introducing a New Crate to a Puppy or Dog

Puppy Temperament Test

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A Dog Fight - Understanding your Pack

Understanding your puppy or dog

Runaway Dog!

Socializing your Dog

Should I Get a Second Dog

Is your Dog Out of Control?

Illusion Dog Training Collar

Top Dog Photos

Housebreaking

Training your Puppy or Dog

Puppy Biting

Deaf Dogs

Are You Ready for a Dog?

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The Pack of Dogs is Here!

Recommended Dog Books and DVDs

 

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Speaking Dog
Small Dog Syndrome
Dominant Behaviors in Dogs
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The Human Dog
Ready For a Dog?
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Dog Breed Quizzes
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Dogs Caught in the Act
Those Amazing Dogs
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Designer Dogs? What?
Pictures of Mixed Breed Dogs
Puppies vs. the Adult Dog
Chaining Your Puppy or Dog
So, you want to breed your dog...
Feeding Puppies and Adult Dogs
Corn in Dog Food. Really?
Collectible Vintage Figurine Dogs
Success Stories & Positive Feedback
 
 

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